Related WordNet synsets for SUMO concept DiseaseOrSyndrome

More specialized WordNet synsets

catching, contracting
becomeing infected; "catching cold is sometimes unavoidable"; "the contracting of a serious illness can be financially catastrophic"
amnesia, memory loss, blackout
partial or total loss of memory: "he has a total blackout for events of the evening"
paramnesia
(psychiatry) a disorder of memory in which dreams or fantasies are confused with reality
anterograde amnesia, posttraumatic amnesia
loss of memory for events immediately following a trauma; sometimes in effect for events during and for a long time following the trauma
retrograde amnesia
loss of memory for events immediately preceding a trauma
selective amnesia
amnesia about particular events that is very convenient for the person who cannot remember; "why do politicians always develop selective amnesia when questioned about their transgressions?"
infantile autism
a rare but serious syndrome of childhood characterized by withdrawal and lack of social responsiveness or interest in others and serious linguistic deficits; "there is considerable dispute among specialists concerning infantile autism"
autism
(psychiatry) an abnormal absorption with the self; marked by communication disorders and short attention span and inability to treat others as people
epidemic
a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease; many people are infected at the same time
pandemic
an epidemic that is geographically widespread; occurring throughout a region or even throughout the world
loss of consciousness
the occurrence of a loss of the ability to perceive and respond
faint, swoon, syncope
a spontaneous loss of consciousness caused by insufficient blood to the brain
dipsomania, alcoholism, potomania
an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess
mania, passion, cacoethes
an irrational but irresistible motive for a belief or action
agromania
an intense desire to be alone or out in the open
egomania
an intense and irresistible love for yourself and concern for your own needs
monomania, possession
a mania restricted to one thing or idea
kleptomania
an irresistible impulse to steal in the absence of any economic motive
logorrhea, logomania
pathologically excessive (and often incoherent) talking
necrophilia, necrophilism, necromania
an irresistible sexual attraction to dead bodies
trichotillomania
an irresistible urge to pull out your own hair
phaneromania
an irresistible desire to pick a superficial body parts (as in obsessive nail-biting)
pyromania
a desire to set fire to things
compulsion, obsession
an irrational motive for performing trivial or repetitive actions against your will
acathexis
(psychoanalysis) a lack of cathexis; a condition in which significant objects or memories arouse no emotion in an individual
amnesic, amnesiac
a person suffering from amnesia
amputee
someone who has had a limb removed by amputation
aphakic
someone afflicted by aphakia; someone lacking the natural lenses of the eyes
aphasic
someone affected by aphasia or inability to use or understand language
cataleptic
a person suffering from catalepsy
compulsive
a person with a compulsive disposition; someone who feels compelled to do certain things
consumptive, lunger
a person with pulmonary tuberculosis
cripple
someone whose legs are disabled
depressive
someone suffering psychological depression
diabetic
someone who has diabetes
drug addict, junkie, junky
a narcotics addict
drug user, substance abuser, user
someone who consumes drugs
dyspeptic
a person suffering from indigestion
epileptic
a person who has epilepsy
eunuch, castrate
a man who has been castrated and is incapable of reproduction; "eunuchs guarded the harem"
exhibitionist, flasher
someone with a compulsive desire to expose the genitals
hemiplegic
a person who has hemiplegia (is paralyzed on one side of the body)
hemophiliac, haemophiliac, bleeder, hemophile, haemophile
someone who has hemophilia and is subject to uncontrollable bleeding
hermaphrodite, gynandromorph, androgyne, epicine, epicine person
one having both male and female sexual characteristics and organs
heroin addict
someone addicted to heroin
humpback, hunchback, crookback
a person whose back is hunched because of abnormal curvature of the upper spine
hyperope
a person with hyperopia; a farsighted person
hypochondriac
a patient with imaginary symptoms and ailments
incurable
a person whose disease is incurable
insomniac, sleepless person
someone who cannot sleep
invalid, shut-in
someone who is incapacitated by a chronic illness or injury
leper, lazar
a person afflicted with leprosy
lisper
a speaker who lisps
lunatic, madman, maniac
an insane person
bedlamite
an archaic term for a lunatic
pyromaniac
a person with a mania for setting things on fire
madwoman
a woman lunatic
manic-depressive
a person afflicted with manic-depressive illness
megalomaniac
a pathological egotist
melancholic, melancholiac
someone subject to melancholia
monomaniac
a person suffering from monomania
myope
a person with myopia; a nearsighted person
narcissist, narcist
someone in love with themselves
narcoleptic
a person who has narcolepsy
neurasthenic
a person suffering a nervous breakdown
neurotic, psychoneurotic, mental case
a person suffering from neurosis
nymphomaniac, nympho
a woman with abnormal sexual desires
nympholept
a person seized by nympholepsy
opium addict, opium taker
someone addicted to opium
paralytic
a person suffering from paralysis
paranoid, paranoiac
a person afflicted with paranoia
presbyope
a person with presbyopia; someone who is farsighted resulting from the progressive loss with aging of the elasticity of the crystalline lens
sociopath, psychopath
someone with a sociopathic personality; a person with an antisocial personality disorder (`psychopath' was once widely used but has now been superseded by `sociopath')
psychotic, psychotic person, psycho
a person afflicted with psychosis
quadriplegic
a person who is paralyzed in both arms and both legs
rheumatic
a person suffering with rheumatism
roundhead
a brachycephalic person
schizophrenic
someone who is afflicted with schizophrenia
sick person, diseased person, sufferer
a person suffering from an illness
spastic
a person suffering from spastic paralysis
stammerer, stutterer
someone who speaks with involuntary pauses and repetitions
stigmatic, stigmatist
a person whose body is marked by religious stigmata (such as marks resembling the wounds of the crucified Christ)
syphilitic
a person suffering from syphilis
metastasis
the spreading of a disease to another part of the body
pathogenesis
the origination and development of a disease
focalization, focalisation
the confinement of an infection to a limited area
nondevelopment
failure of normal development to occur
agenesis, agenesia
imperfect development; nondevelopment of a part
masculinization, virilization
the abnormal development of male sexual characteristics in a female (usually as the result of hormone therapies or adrenal malfunction)
neoplasia
the pathological process that results in the formation and growth of a tumor
zymosis
the development and spread of an infectious disease
hypostasis
the accumulation of blood in an organ
oligomenorrhea
abnormally light or infrequent menstruation
menorrhagia, hypermenorrhea
abnormally heavy or prolonged menstruation; can be a symptom of uterine tumors and can lead to anemia if prolonged
urinary incontinence
inability to control the flow of urine and involuntary urination
incontinence, incontinency
involuntary urination or defecation
bed-wetting, enuresis
involuntary urination (usually during sleep)
lithuresis
passing small stones with the urine
oliguria
production of an abnormally small amount of urine
expectoration
the process of coughing up and spitting out
festering, suppuration
the formation and discharge of pus
ptyalism
excessive flow of saliva
osteolysis
lysis of bone caused by disease or infection or inadequate blood supply
cavity, caries, dental caries, tooth decay
soft decayed area in a tooth; progressive decay can lead to the death of a tooth
concretion
the formation of stonelike objects within a body organ (e.g., the kidneys)
immunosuppression
lowering the body's normal immune response to invasion by foreign substances
immunological disorder
a disorder of the immune system
acathexia
an inability to retain bodily secretions
angiotelectasia
dilation and enlargement of arterioles
eyestrain, asthenopia
a tiredness of the eyes caused by prolonged close work by a person with an uncorrected vision problem
salt depletion
loss of salt from the body without replacement (loss by vomiting or profuse perspiration or urination or diarrhea) thus upsetting the electrolyte balance
acephalia, acephaly, acephalism
absence of the head (as in the development of some monsters)
acardia
congenital absence of the heart (as in the development of some monsters)
acidosis
abnormally high acidity of the blood and other body tissues
ketoacidosis
acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies; occurs primarily in diabetes mellitus
acidemia
a blood disorder characterized by an increased concentration of hydrogen ions in the blood (which falls below 7 on the pH scale)
alkalinuria, alkaluria
a condition in which the urine (which is normally slightly acidic) is alkaline
alkalemia
a blood disorder characterized by a lower concentration of hydrogen ions in the blood (which rises above 7.45 on the pH scale)
agalactia, agalactosis
a condition in which milk is not secreted in the mother's breasts after her child has been delivered
alkalosis
abnormally high alkalinity of the blood and other body tissues
acorea
absence of the pupil in an eye
acromicria, acromikria
abnormally small extremities (underdeveloped fingers and toes)
acromphalus
abnormal protrusion of the navel; sometimes the start of umbilical hernia
amastia
absence of the mammary glands (either through surgery or developmental defect)
aneuploidy
an abnormality involving a chromosome number that is not an exact multiple of the haploid number (one chromosome set is incomplete)
ankylosis, anchylosis
abnormal adhesion and rigidity of the bones of a joint
anorchism, anorchidism, anorchia
absence of one of both testes
hypersomnia
an inability to stay awake
insomnia
an inability to sleep; chronic sleeplessness
aplasia
failure of some tissue or organ to develop
anhidrosis
failure of the sweat glands
asynergy, asynergia
absence of coordination of organs or body parts that usually work together harmoniously
arteriectasis, arteriectasia
an abnormal distension of an artery
sleep disorder
a disturbance of the normal sleep pattern
asystole, cardiac arrest, cardiopulmonary arrest
absence of systole; failure of the ventricles of the heart to contract (usually caused by ventricular fibrillation) with consequent absence of the heart beat leading to oxygen lack and eventually to death
sleep terror disorder, pavor nocturnus
a disorder of sleep characterized by a dream of terrifying dimensions far worse than a typical nightmare; they occur during NREM sleep
abulia, aboulia
a loss of will power
anhedonia
an inability to experience pleasure
diverticulosis
presence of diverticula in the walls of the colon
edacity, esurience, ravenousness, voracity, voraciousness
excessive desire to eat
dehydration
depletion of bodily fluids
hypoxia
a very strong drive resulting from oxygen deficiency in bodily tissues (short of anoxia)
ischemic hypoxia, stagnant hypoxia
hypoxia resulting from slow peripheral circulation (such as follows congestive cardiac failure)
anemic hypoxia
hypoxia resulting from a decreased concentration of hemoglobin
hypoxic hypoxia
hypoxia resulting from defective oxygenation of the blood in the lungs
hypocapnia, acapnia
a state in which the level of carbon dioxide in the blood is lower than normal; can result from deep or rapid breathing
hypercapnia, hypercarbia
the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood
asphyxia
a condition in which insufficient or no oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged on a ventilatory basis; caused by choking or drowning or electric shock or poison gas
oxygen debt
a cumulative deficit of oxygen resulting from intense exercise; the deficit must be made up when the body returns to rest
mountain sickness
nausea and shortness of breath experienced by mountain climbers above ten thousand feet
altitude sickness
effects (as nosebleed or nausea) of oxygen deficiency in the blood and tissues at high altitudes
anoxia
severe hypoxia; absence of oxygen in inspired gases or in arterial blood or in the tissues
ischemic anoxia, stagnant anoxia
anoxia resulting from slow peripheral circulation (such as follows congestive cardiac failure)
anemic anoxia
anoxia resulting from a decreased concentration of hemoglobin
anoxic anoxia
anoxia resulting from defective oxygenation of the blood in the lungs
sterility, infertility
the state of being unable to produce offspring
hyperthermia, hyperthermy
abnormally high body temperature
hypothermia
subnormal body temperature
impotence, impotency
an inability (usually of a male) to copulate
barrenness
the state (usually of a woman) of having no children or being unable to have children
abdominal pregnancy
ectopic pregnancy in the abdominal cavity
tubal pregnancy
ectopic pregnancy in a Fallopian tube
ovarian pregnancy
ectopic pregnancy in the ovary
ectopic pregnancy, extrauterine pregnancy, ectopic gestation, extrauterine gestation
pregnancy resulting from gestation elsewhere than in the uterus
asynclitism, obliquity
the presentation during labor of the head of the fetus at an abnormal angle
atresia
an abnormal condition in which a normal opening or tube in the body (as the urethra) is closed or absent
disorder, upset
a disturbance of normal functioning; "the doctor prescribed some medicine for the disorder"; "everyone gets stomach upsets from time to time"
ill health, unhealthiness, health problem
a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain
abocclusion
the condition in which the upper teeth do not touch the lower teeth when biting
abruptio placentae
a disorder of pregnancy in which the placenta prematurely separates from the wall of the uterus
acholia
a condition in which little or no bile is secreted or the flow of bile into the digestive tract is obstructed
acute brain disorder, acute organic brain syndrome
any disorder (as sudden confusion or disorientation) in an otherwise normal person that is due to reversible (temporary) impairment of brain tissues (as by head injuries or drugs or infection)
attention deficit disorder
a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
anorgasmia
absence of an orgasm in sexual relations
impaction, impacted tooth
a condition in which a tooth is so crowded in its socket that it cannot erupt normally
colpoxerosis
a condition in which the vagina is unusually dry
malocclusion
a condition in which the opposing teeth do not mesh normally
anorexia
a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
anorexia nervosa
(psychiatry) a psychological disorder characterized by somatic delusions that you are too fat despite being emaciated
fantods
an ill-defined state of irritability and distress
hyperactivity
a condition characterized by excessive restlessness and movement
hypercellularity
the state of having abnormally many cells
hypocellularity
the state of having abnormally few cells
biliousness
gastric distress caused by a disorder of the liver or gall bladder
illness, malady, sickness
impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
invalidism
chronic ill health
addiction, dependence, dependency
being abnormally dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
suspended animation
a temporary cessation of vital functions with loss of consciousness resembling death; usually resulting from asphyxia
anabiosis
suspended animation in organisms during periods of extreme drought from which they revive when moisture returns
drug addiction, white plague
an addiction to a drug (especially a narcotic drug)
collapse
an abrupt failure of function or health
alcoholism, alcohol addiction, drunkenness
prolonged and excessive intake of alcoholic drinks leading to a breakdown in health and an addiction to alcohol such that abrupt deprivation leads to severe withdrawal symptoms
cocaine addiction
an addiction to cocaine
heroin addiction
an addiction to heroin
caffein addiction
an addiction to caffein
nicotine addiction
an addiction to nicotine
ague
a fit of shivering
amyloidosis
a disorder characterized by deposit of amyloid in organs or tissues; often secondary to chronic rheumatoid arthritis or tuberculosis or multiple myeloma
anuresis, anuria
inability to urinate
catastrophic illness
severe illness requiring prolonged hospitalization or recovery; usually involves high costs for hospitals and doctors and medicines
nervous breakdown
a severe or incapacitating emotional disorder
breakdown, crack-up
a mental or physical breakdown
nervous exhaustion, nervous prostration
an emotional disorder that leaves you exhausted and unable to work
neurasthenia
nervous breakdown (not in technical use)
hypovolemic shock
shock caused by severe blood or fluid loss
shock
(pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; caused by loss of circulating blood or cardiac arrest or obstruction or poor distribution of the blood flow; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor
cardiogenic shock
shock caused by cardiac arrest
obstructive shock
shock caused by obstruction of blood flow
distributive shock
shock caused by poor distribution of the blood flow
anaphylactic shock
a severe and rapid and sometimes fatal hypersensitivity reaction to a substance (especially a vaccine or penicillin or shellfish or insect venom) to which the organism has become sensitized by previous exposure
insulin shock, insulin reaction
hypoglycemia produced by excessive insulin in the system causing coma
botulism
poisoning from ingesting botulin; affects the CNS
decompression sickness, aeroembolism, air embolism, caisson disease, bends
pain resulting from rapid change in pressure
food poisoning, gastrointestinal disorder, ptomaine poisoning, ptomaine
illness caused by poisonous or contaminated food
salmonellosis
a kind of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with Salmonella typhimurium
lead poisoning, plumbism, saturnism
toxic condition produced by the absorption of excessive lead into the system
lead colic, painter's colic
symptom of chronic lead poisoning and associated with obstinate constipation
disease
an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
aspergillosis
disease especially in agricultural workers caused by inhalation of Aspergillus spores causing lumps in skin and ears and respiratory organs
angiopathy
any disease of the blood vessels or lymph ducts
agranulocytosis, agranulosis, granulocytopenia
an acute blood disorder (often caused by radiation or drug therapy) characterized by severe reduction in granulocytes
acanthocytosis
the presence of acanthocytes in the blood stream (as in abetalipoproteinemia)
analbuminemia
an abnormally low level of albumin in the blood serum
Banti's disease, Banti's syndrome
a disease characterized by congestion and enlargement of the spleen; accompanied by anemia or cirrhosis
blackwater
any of several human or animal diseases characterized by dark urine resulting from rapid breakdown of red blood cells
endemic
a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location
blackwater fever
severe and often fatal malaria characterized by kidney damage resulting in dark urine
cat scratch disease
a disease thought to be transmitted to humans by a scratch from a cat
complication
any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of (or because of) another disease; "bed sores are a common complication in cases of paralysis"
pycnosis, pyknosis
a degenerative state of the cell nucleus
vacuolization, vacuolation
the state of having become filled with vacuoles
cytolysis
pathological dissolution of cells caused by degeneration of their membranes
hyalinization
the state of being hyaline or having become hyaline: "the patient's arterioles showed marked hyalinization"
brucellosis, undulant fever, Malta fever, Mediterranean fever
contracted from meat or milk products from infected domestic animals
malaria
an infective disease caused by sporozoan parasites that are transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito; marked by paroxysms of chills and fever
Marseilles fever, Kenya fever, Indian tick fever, boutonneuse fever
a disease (common in India and around the Mediterranean area) caused by a rickettsia that is transmitted to humans by a reddish brown tick (ixodid) that lives on dogs and other mammals
milk sickness
caused by consuming milk from cattle suffering from trembles
Meniere's disease
a disease of the inner ear characterized by episodes of dizziness and tinnitus and progressive hearing loss (usually unilateral)
rheumatism
any painful disorder of the joints or muscles or connective tissues
mimesis
any disease that shows symptoms characteristic of another disease
attack
a sudden occurrence of an uncontrollable condition; "an attack of diarrhea"
periodontal disease, periodontitis
a disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth
pyorrhea, phorrhoea, pyorrhea alveolaris, Riggs' disease
chronic periodontitis; purulent inflammation of the teeth sockets
pericementoclasia
pus pocket formation around a tooth
alveolar resorption
wasting of the bony socket
gingivitis
inflammation of the gums
ulatrophia
recession of the gums
anxiety attack
a sudden acute episode of intense anxiety and feelings of panic
touch, spot
a slight attack of illness; "he has a touch of rheumatism"
seizure, ictus
a sudden occurrence (or recurrence) of a disease; "he suffered an epileptic seizure"
stroke, apoplexy, cerebrovascular accident, CVA
a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain
clonus
convulsion characterized by alternating contractions and relaxations
convulsion
violent uncontrollable contractions of muscles
paroxysm, fit
a sudden uncontrollable attack; "a paroxysm of giggling"; "a fit of coughing"
hysterics
an attack of hysteria
akinesis, akinesia
motionlessness attributable to a temporary paralysis
epileptic seizure
convulsions accompanied by impaired consciousness
grand mal, generalized seizure, epilepsia major
a seizure (or a type of epilepsy characterized by such seizures) during which the patient becomes unconscious and has convulsions over the entire body
petit mal, epilepsia minor
a seizure (or a type of epilepsy characterized by such seizures) of short duration characterized by momentary unconsciousness and local muscle spasms or twitching
nervous disorder, neurological disorder, neurological disease
a disorder of the nervous system
alalia
paralysis of the vocal cords resulting in an inability to speak
epilepsy
a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
cystoplegia, cystoparalysis
paralysis of the urinary bladder
cortical epilepsy, focal epilepsy
epilepsy in which the attack begins with an isolated disturbance of cerebral function
akinetic epilepsy
epilepsy characterized by akinesia
grand mal epilepsy, generalized epilepsy
epilepsy in which the attack involves loss of consciousness and tonic spasms of the musculature followed by generalized jerking
Jacksonian epilepsy
focal epilepsy in which the attack usually moves from distal to proximal limb muscles on the same side of the body
petit mal epilepsy, absence
epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal attacks of brief clouding of consciousness (a possible other abnormalities)
myoclonus epilepsy, Lafora's disease
epilepsy characterized by clonus of muscle groups and progressive mental deterioration and genetic origin
complex absence
petit mal seizure accompanied by other abnormalities (atonia or automatisms or vasomotor changes)
subclinical absence
transient impairment of cortical function demonstrable only by 3-per-second brain-wave spikes
pure absence, simple absence
petit mal seizure without other complications; followed by 3-per-sec brain-wave spikes
photogenic epilepsy
reflex epilepsy induced by a flickering light
musicogenic epilepsy
reflex epilepsy induced by music
procursive epilepsy
epilepsy in which a seizure is induced by whirling or running
posttraumatic epilepsy, traumatic epilepsy
a convulsive epileptic state caused by a head injury
psychomotor epilepsy, temporal lobe epilepsy
epilepsy characterized clinically by impairment of consciousness and amnesia for the episode; often involves purposeful movements of the arms and legs and sometimes hallucinations
sensory epilepsy
focal epilepsy initiated by somatosensory phenomena
reflex epilepsy
a form of epilepsy in which attacks are induced by peripheral stimulation
status epilepticus
a condition in which there are continuing attacks of epilepsy without intervals of consciousness; can lead to brain damage and death
nympholepsy
a frenzy of emotion; as for something unattainable
tonic epilepsy
epilepsy in which the body is rigid during the seizure
apraxia
inability to make purposeful movements
ataxia, ataxy
inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements; unsteady movements and staggering gait
brachytactyly, brachydactylia
abnormal shortness of fingers and toes
atopognosia, atopognosis
absence or loss of topognosia; inability to locate correctly a point of touch
cryptorchidy, cryptorchidism, cryptorchism
failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops
tardive dyskinesia
involuntary rolling of the tongue and twitching of the face or trunk or limbs
dyskinesia
abnormality in performing voluntary muscle movements
multiple sclerosis, MS, disseminated sclerosis
a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
paralysis agitans, Parkinsonism, Parkinson's disease, Parkinson's syndrome, Parkinson's, shaking palsy
a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
cerebral palsy, spastic paralysis
a loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth
flaccid paralysis
weakness or loss of muscle tone resulting from injury or disease of the nerves innervating the muscles
chorea
any of several degenerative nervous disorders characterized by spasmodic movements of the body and limbs
orthochorea
a form of chorea in which spasms occur mainly when the patient is erect
Sydenham's chorea, Saint Vitus dance, St. Vitus dance
chorea occurring chiefly in children and associated with rheumatic fever
agraphia, anorthography, logagraphia
a loss of the ability to write or to express thoughts in writing because of a brain lesion
tarantism
a nervous disorder characterized by an uncontrollable impulse to dance; popularly attributed to bite of the S European tarantula or wolf spider
acataphasia
a disorder in which a lesion to the central nervous system leaves you unable to formulate a statement or to express yourself in an organized manner
aphakia
absence of the natural lens of the eye (usually resulting from the removal of cataracts)
aphagia
loss of the ability to swallow
aphasia
inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
auditory aphasia, acoustic aphasia, word deafness
an impairment in understanding spoken language that is not attributable to hearing loss
conduction aphasia, associative aphasia
aphasia in which the lesion is assumed to be in the association tracts connecting the various language centers in the brain; patient's have difficulty repeating a sentence just heard
motor aphasia, Broca's aphasia, ataxic aphasia, expressive aphasia, nonfluent aphasia
aphasia in which expression by speech or writing is severely impaired
global aphasia, total aphasia
loss of all ability to communicate
nominal aphasia, anomic aphasia, anomia, amnesic aphasia, amnestic aphasia
inability to name objects or to recognize written or spoken names of objects
transcortical aphasia
a general term for aphasia that results from lesions outside of Broca's area or Wernicke's area of the cerebral cortex
agnosia
inability to recognize objects by use of the senses
visual aphasia, alexia, word blindness
inability to perceive written words
Wernicke's aphasia, fluent aphasia, receptive aphasia, sensory aphasia, impressive aphasia
aphasia characterized by fluent but meaningless speech and severe impairment of the ability understand spoken or written words
dyslexia
impaired ability to read
occlusion
closure or blockage of a blood vessel
embolism
occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus (a loose clot or air bubble or other particle)
air embolism, aeroembolism
obstruction of the circulatory system caused by an air bubble as e.g. accidentally during surgery or hypodermic injection or as a complication from scuba diving
pulmonary embolism
blockage of the pulmonary artery by foreign matter or by a blood clot
thromboembolism
occlusion by an embolus that has broken away from a thrombus
thrombosis
the formation or presence of a thrombus (a clot of coagulated blood attached at the site of its formation)
cerebral thrombosis
a blood clot in a cerebral artery or vein
coronary occlusion
occlusion of a coronary artery caused either by progressive atherosclerosis or by a blood clot
coronary thrombosis, coronary
obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)
milk leg, white leg, phlegmasia alba dolens
painful thrombosis of the femoral vein in the leg following childbirth
cardiovascular disease
a disease of the heart or blood vessels
carpal tunnel syndrome
a disorder caused by compression of a nerve in the carpal tunnel (where the nerve passes through the wrist); characterized by discomfort and weakness in the hand
high blood pressure, hypertension
a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high
heart disease, heart condition, cardiopathy
a disease of the heart
essential hypertension, hyperpiesia, hyperpiesis
persistent and pathological high blood pressure for which no specific cause can be found
hypotension
abnormally low blood pressure
malignant hypertenions
severe hypertension that runs a rapid course and damages the inner linings of the blood vessels and the heart and spleen and kidneys and brain; "malignant hypertension is the most lethal form of hypertension"
secondary hypertension
hypertension that is secondary to another disease
amyotrophia, amyotrophy
progressive wasting of muscle tissues
aneurysm
a sac-like widening of a blood vessel
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ALS, Lou Gehrig's disease
thickening of tissue in the motor tracts of the lateral columns and anterior horns of the spinal cord; results in progressive muscle atrophy that starts in the limbs
aortic stenosis
abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve
aortic aneurysm
an aneurysm of the aorta
stenosis, stricture
abnormal narrowing of a bodily canal or passageway
angina pectoris, angina
a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen to the heart
cerebral aneurysm
an aneurysm of the carotid artery
atherogenesis
the formation of atheromas on the walls of the arteries as in atherosclerosis
arrhythmia
an abnormal heartbeat rhythm
arteriolosclerosis
sclerosis of the arterioles
arteriosclerosis, arterial sclerosis, hardening of the arteries, induration of the arteries, coronary-artery disease
sclerosis of the arterial walls
atheroma
abnormal fatty deposits in the intima of arteries
athetosis
a continuous succession of slow writing involuntary movements of the hands and feet and other body parts
atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease
a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
kuru
a progressive disease of the central nervous system marked by increasing lack of coordination and advancing to paralysis and death within a year of the appearance of symptoms; thought to have been transmitted by cannibalistic consumption of diseased brain tissue since the disease virtually disappeared when cannibalism was abandoned
arteriosclerosis obliterans
a stage of arteriosclerosis involving closure of blood vessels
ascites
accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity
bacteremia, bacteriemia, bacteriaemia
transient presence of bacteria (or other microorganisms) in the blood
azymia
absence of an enzyme
cardiomyopathy
a disorder (usually of unknown origin) of the heart muscle (myocardium)
sclerosis, induration
any pathological hardening or thickening of tissue
mitral stenosis, mitral valve stenosis
obstruction or narrowing of the mitral valve (as by scarring from rheumatic fever)
mitral valve prolapse
cardiopathy resulting from the mitral valve not regulating the flow of blood between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart
circulatory failure
failure of the cardiovascular system to supply adequate amounts of blood to body tissues
congestive heart failure
inability to pump enough blood to avoid congestion in the tissues
heart failure, coronary failure
inability of the heart to pump enough blood to sustain normal bodily functions
heart attack
a sudden severe instance of abnormal heart function
myocardial infarction, myocardial infarct, MI
destruction of heart tissue resulting from obstruction of the blood supply to the heart muscle
insufficiency
(pathology) inability of a bodily part or organ to function normally
kidney disease
a disease affecting the kidneys
chronic renal failure
renal failure that can result from a variety of systemic disorders
coronary insufficiency, cardiac insufficiency
inadequate blood flow to the heart muscles; can cause angina pectoris
renal insufficiency
insufficient excretion of wastes by the kidneys
renal failure, kidney failure
inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance
acute renal failure
renal failure associated with burns or other trauma, or with acute infection or obstruction of the urinary tract
nephrolithiasis
the presence of kidney stones (calculi) in the kidney
cholelithiasis
the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
lithiasis
the formation of stones (calculi) in an internal organ
cirrhosis, cirrhosis of the liver
a chronic disease interfering with the normal functioning of the liver; the major cause is chronic alcoholism
nephritis, Bright's disease
an inflammation of the kidney
glomerulonephritis
nephritis marked by inflammation of the glomerulus of the kidney; characterized by decreased production of urine and by the presence of blood and protein in the urine and by edema
liver disease
a disease affecting the liver
glandular disease, gland disease, glandular disorder, adenosis
a disorder of the glands of the body
Addison's disease, Addison's syndrome, hypoadrenalism, hypoadrenocorticism
a glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland and marked by anemia and prostration with brownish skin
adenopathy
a glandular disease or enlargement of glandular tissue (especially of the lymph glands)
aldosteronism, hyperaldosteronism
a condition caused by over-production of aldosterone
choking
a condition caused by blocking the airways to the lungs (as with food or swelling of the larynx)
Cushing's disease, hyperadrenalism
a glandular disorder caused by excessive ACTH resulting in greater than normal functioning of the adrenal gland; characterized by obesity
Cushing's syndrome, hyperadrenocorticism
a glandular disorder caused by excessive cortisol
diabetes
any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
ketoacidosis prone diabetes, Type I diabetes, juvenile-onset diabetes, juvenile diabetes
diabetes mellitus with an early onset
diabetes mellitus
diabetes of pancreatic origin characterized by insulin deficiency
nonketoacidosis prone, Type II diabetes, adult-onset diabetes
diabetes mellitus that develops in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors
diabetes insipidus
diabetes resulting from a disorder of the pituitary gland
Graves' disease, exophthalmic goiter
hyperthyroidism with protrusion of the eyeballs
hyperthyroidism, thyrotoxicosis
pathologically excessive production of thyroid hormones; characterized by increased metabolism and exophthalmos
myxedema
marked by dry skin and swellings around lips and nose as well as mental deterioration
hypothyroidism
a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones
achondroplasia, chondrodystrophy
an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth; cartilage is converted to bone resulting in dwarfism
cretinism
severe hypothyroidism resulting in physical and mental stunting
contagious disease, contagion
any disease easily transmitted by contact
communicable disease
a disease that can be communicated from one person to another
influenza, flu, grippe
an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
measles, rubeola, morbilli
an acute and highly contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots followed by a rash; occurs primarily in children
Asiatic flu
influenza caused by the Asian virus that was first isolated in 1957
scarlet fever, scarlatina
an acute communicable disease (usually in children) characterized by fever and a red rash
German measles, rubella
milder than measles but damaging to the fetus during the first trimester
diphtheria
marked by the formation of a false membrane in the throat and other air passages causing difficulty in breathing
pox
a contagious disease characterized by purulent skin eruptions that may leave pock marks
Vincent's angina, Vincent's infection, trench mouth
an acute communicable infection of the respiratory tract and mouth marked by ulceration of the mucous membrane
smallpox, variola
a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever and weakness and skin eruption with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars
blastomycosis
any of several infections of the skin or mucous membrane caused by Blastomyces
tinea, ringworm, roundworm
infections of the skin or nails caused by fungi and appearing as itching circular patches
chromoblastomycosis
a fungal infection characterized by itchy warty nodules on the skin
tinea barbae, barber's itch
fungal infection of the face and neck
tinea pedis, athlete's foot
fungal infection of the feet
tinea corporis
fungal infection of nonhairy parts of the skin
tinea capitis
fungal infection of the scalp characterized by bald patches
tinea unguium
fungal infection of the nails (especially toenails)
tinea cruris, jock itch
fungal infection of the groin (most common in men)
infectious disease
a disease transmitted only by a specific kind of contact
AIDS, acquired immune deficiency syndrome
a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
anergy
reduction or lack of an immune response to a specific antigen
agammaglobulinemia
a rare immunological disorder characterized by the virtual absence of gamma globulin in the blood and consequent susceptibility to infection
hypogammaglobulinemia
an abnormally low concentration of gamma globulin in the blood and increased risk of infection
cholera, Asiatic cholera, Indian cholera, epidemic cholera
an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
dengue, dengue fever, dandy fever, breakbone fever
an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
dysentery
an infection of the intestines marked by severe diarrhea
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin
hepatitis A, infectious hepatitis
minor form of viral hepatitis caused by an RNA virus and transmitted by ingesting contaminated food or drink
viral hepatitis
hepatitis caused by a virus
hepatitis B, serum hepatitis
an acute form of viral hepatitis caused by a DNA virus and transmitted by sexual contact or ingestion of contaminated blood or other bodily fluids
herpes simplex
an infection caused by the herpes simples virus; affects the skin and nervous system; produces small temporary (but sometimes painful) blisters on the skin and mucous membranes
hepatitis delta, delta hepatitis
a severe form of hepatitis
hepatitis non-A non-B, non-A non-B hepatitis
a viral hepatitis clinically indistinguishable from hepatitis B but caused by an RNA virus
herpes
viral diseases causing eruptions of the skin or mucous membrane
chickenpox, varicella
an acute contagious disease caused by herpes varicella zoster virus; causes a rash of vesicles on the face and body
oral herpes, herpes labialis, cold sore, fever blister
caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HVS-1)
genital herpes, herpes genitalis
an infection caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) that is usually transmitted by sexual contact; marked by recurrent attacks of painful eruptions on the skin and mucous membranes of the genital area
herpes zoster, zoster, shingles
eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia
venereal disease, VD, social disease, Cupid's itch, Cupid's disease, Venus's curse, sexually transmitted disease
a communicable disease transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact
granuloma inguinale
a venereal disease caused by the bacterium Calymmatobacterium granulomatis; characterized by a pimply rash of the skin in the genital and groin region
gonorrhea, gonorrhoea, clap
a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae; symptoms are painful urination and pain around the urethra
primary syphilis
the first stage; characterized by a chancre at the site of infection
syphilis, syph, pox
a common venereal disease caused by the Treponema pallidum spirochete; symptoms change through progressive stages; can be congenital (transmitted through the placenta)
tabes
wasting of the body during a chronic disease
secondary syphilis
the second stage; characterized by eruptions of the skin and mucous membrane
tertiary syphilis
the third stage; characterized by involvement of internal organs especially the brain and spinal cord as well as the heart and liver
tabes dorsalis, locomotor ataxia
syphilis of the spinal cord
leprosy, Hansen's disease
chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions
infectious mononucleosis, glandular fever, kissing disease
an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing
meningitis
inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) caused by a bacterial infection; symptoms include headache and stiff neck and fever and nausea
tuberculoid leprosy
leprosy characterized by tumors in the skin and cutaneous nerves
lepromatous leprosy
a very serious form of leprosy characterized by lesions that spread over much of the body and affecting many systems of the body
necrotizing enterocolitis
an acute inflammatory disease occurring in the intestines of premature infants; necrosis of intestinal tissue may follow
cerebrospinal meningitis, epidemic meningitis, brain fever, cerebrospinal fever
meningitis caused by bacteria and often fatal
mumps, epidemic parotitis
an acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands
plague, pestilence
a serious (sometimes fatal) infection transmitted by the bite of an infected rat flea (especially bubonic plague)
septicemic plague
an especially dangerous form in which infecting organisms invade the bloodstream
bubonic plague
characterized by delirium and the formation of buboes
Black Death, black plague
the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages
pneumonic plague
characterized by lung involvement
rickettsial disease
caused by ticks or mites or body lice infected with rickettsia microorganisms
poliomyelitis, polio, infantile paralysis, acute anterior poliomyelitis
an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
Pott's disease
TB of the spine with destruction of vertebrae resulting in curvature of the spine
ratbite fever
either of two infectious diseases transmitted to humans by the bite of a rat or mouse; characterized by fever and headache and nausea and skin eruptions
typhus, typhus fever
transmitted by body lice and characterized by skin rash and high fever
spotted fever
any of several severe febrile diseases characterized by skin rashes or spots on the skin
Rocky Mountain spotted fever, mountain fever, tick fever
caused by a rickettsia microorganism and transmitted by wood ticks
Q fever
an acute disease resembling influenza
trench fever
marked by pain in muscles and joints and transmitted by lice
tsutsugamushi disease, scrub typhus
transmitted by larval mites and widespread in Asia
rheumatic fever
a severe disease chiefly of children and characterized by painful inflammation of the joints and frequently damage to the heart valves
relapsing fever, recurrent fever
marked by recurring high fever and transmitted by the bite of infected lice or ticks
pulmonary tuberculosis, consumption, phthisis, wasting disease, white plague
involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
tuberculosis, TB, T.B.
infection by the tubercle bacillus manifesting itself in lesions of various parts of the body (especially the lungs and bones)
scrofula, struma, king's evil
a form of tuberculosis characterized by swellings of the lymphatic glands
typhoid, typhoid fever, enteric fever
marked by intestinal inflammation and ulceration; caused by Salmonella typhosa ingested with food or water
paratyphoid, paratyphoid fever
any of a variety of infectious intestinal diseases resembling typhoid fever
yaws, frambesia, framboesia
an infectious tropical disease resembling syphillis in its early stages; marked by red skin eruptions and ulcerating lesions
sweating sickness, miliary fever
epidemic in the 15th and 16th centuries and characterized by profuse sweating and high mortality
whooping cough, pertussis
a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
yellow jack, yellow fever, black vomit
caused by a virus transmitted by a mosquito
respiratory disease, respiratory disorder
a disease affecting the respiratory system
cold, common cold
a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs); "will they never find a cure for the common cold?"
head cold
a common cold affecting the nasal passages and resulting in congestion and sneezing and headache
asthma, asthma attack, bronchial asthma
respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; often of allergic origin
status asthmaticus
a prolonged and severe asthma attack that does not respond to standard treatment
bronchitis
inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
bronchiolitis
inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchioles
chronic bronchitis
a form of bronchitis characterized by excess production of sputum leading to a chronic cough and obstruction of air flow
cryptococcosis
a fungal infection characterized by nodular lesions--first in the lungs and spreading to the nervous system
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
a nonreversible lung disease that is a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis; usually patients have been heavy cigarette smokers
coccidioidomycosis, coccidiomycosis, valley fever, desert rheumatism
an infection of the lungs and skin characterized by excessive sputum and nodules
emphysema, pulmonary emphysema
an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age
pneumonia, lobar pneumonia
inflammation of the lungs with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants
anthracosis, black lung, black lung disease, coal miner's lung
lung disease caused by inhaling coal dust
pneumocystis pneumonia, pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
pneumonia occurring in persons with impaired immune systems (as AIDS victims)
psittacosis
an atypical pneumonia caused by a rickettsia microorganism and transmitted to humans from infected birds
pneumoconiosis, pneumonoconiosis
chronic disease caused by inhaling metallic or mineral particles
asbestosis
lung disease caused by inhaling asbestos particles
genetic disease, genetic disorder, genetic abnormality, congenital disease, inherited disease, inherited disorder
a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
siderosis
fibrosis of the lung caused by iron dust; occurs among welders and other metal workers
silicosis
a lung disease caused by inhaling particles of silica or quartz or slate
albinism
the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
abetalipoproteinemia
a rare inherited disorder of fat metabolism; characterized by severe deficiency of beta-lipoproteins and abnormal red blood cells (acanthocytes) and abnormally low cholesterol levels
ablepharia
a congenital absence of eyelids (partial or complete)
anencephaly, anencephalia
a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
macrencephaly
an abnormally large braincase
adactylia, adactyly, adactylism
congenital absence of fingers and/or toes
epispadias
a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
ametria
congenital absence of the uterus
color blindness, colour blindness, achromatic vision
genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
tritanopia, blue-blindness
inability to distinguish blue and yellow
deuteranopia, daltonism, green-blindness
inability to distinguish green and purplish-red
protanopia, red-blindness
inability to distinguish red and purplish blue
cystic fibrosis, fibrocystic disease of the pancreas, pancreatic fibrosis, mucovioscidosis
a congenital disease in which the pancreas and lungs and intestines become clogged with mucus
Huntington's chorea, Huntington's disease
hereditary; develops in adulthood and ends in dementia
Gaucher's disease
a rare chronic disorder of lipid metabolism probably of genetic origin
malignant hyperthermia
hereditary condition in which certain anesthetics (e.g., halothane) cause high body temperatures and muscle rigidity
mongolism, mongolianism, Down's syndrome, Down syndrome, trisomy 21
a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
Marfan's syndrome
an autosomal dominant disease characterized by elongated bones (especially of limbs and digits) and abnormalities of the eyes and circulatory system
hypobetalipoproteinemia
a hereditary disorder characterized by low levels of beta-lipoproteins and lipids and cholesterol
clinocephaly, clinocephalism
a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed (concave instead of convex)
clinodactyly
a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
macroglossia
a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
McArdle's disease
an inherited disease in which abnormal amounts of glycogen accumulate in skeletal muscle; results in weakness and cramping
maple syrup urine disease
an inherited disorder of metabolism in which the urine has a odor characteristic of maple syrup; if untreated it can lead to mental retardation and death in early childhood
muscular dystrophy
any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles
autosomal dominant disease
a disease caused by a dominant mutant gene on an autosome
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, pseudohypertrophic dystrophy
the most common form of muscular dystrophy; X-linked recessive (affecting only males)
limb-girdle muscular dystrophy
an autosomal recessive form of muscular dystrophy characterized by progressive muscular weakness beginning either in the shoulder or pelvic girdle
autosomal recessive disease
a disease caused by the presence of two recessive mutant genes on an autosome
oxycephaly, acrocephaly
a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape
myotonic muscular dystrophy, myotonia atrophica, Steinert's disease
a severe form of muscular dystrophy marked by facial weakness and drooping eyelids and difficult speech and difficulty with the hands that spreads to the arms and shoulders and legs and hips
Niemann-Pick disease
a disorder of lipid metabolism that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait
aplastic anemia
anemia characterized by pancytopenia resulting from failure of the bone marrow; can be caused by neoplasm or by toxic exposure
Fallot's tetralogy, tetralogy of Fallot
a congenital heart disease producing cyanosis
erythroblastosis fetalis
severe anemia in newborn babies; the result of Rh incompatibility between maternal and fetal blood; typically occurs when the child of an Rh-negative mother inherits Rh-positive blood from the father; can be diagnosed before birth by amniocentesis
Fanconi's anemia, congenital pancytopenia
a rare congenital anemia characterized by pancytopenia and hypoplasia of the bone marrow
hemolytic anemia, haemolytic anemia
anemia resulting from destruction of erythrocytes
hypochromic anemia
anemia characterized by a decrease in the concentration of corpuscular hemoglobin
hyperchromic anemia
anemia characterized by an increase in the concentration of corpuscular hemoglobin
chlorosis, greensickness
iron deficiency anemia in young women; characterized by weakness and menstrual disturbances and a green color to the skin
hypoplastic anemia
anemia resulting from inadequately functioning bone marrow; can develop into aplastic anemia
iron deficiency anemia
a form of anemia due to lack of iron in the diet or to iron loss as a result of chronic bleeding
pernicious anemia, malignant anemia
a chronic progressive anemia of older adults; thought to result from a lack of intrinsic factor (a substance secreted by the stomach that is responsible for the absorption of vitamin B-12)
macrocytic anemia
anemia in which the average size of erythrocytes is larger than normal
microcytic anemia
anemia in which the average size of erythrocytes is smaller than normal
metaplastic anemia
pernicious anemia in which the various formed elements in the blood are changed
megaloblastic anemia
anemia characterized by many large immature and dysfunctional red blood cells (megaloblasts) in the bone marrow; associated with pernicious anemia
refractory anemia
any of various anemic conditions that are not successfully treated by any means other than blood transfusions (and that are not associated with another primary disease)
sickle-cell anemia, sickle-cell disease, crescent-cell anemia, drepanocytic anemia
a congenital form of anemia occurring mostly in blacks; characterized by abnormal blood cells having a crescent shape
sideroblastic anemia, siderochrestic anemia
refractory anemia characterized by sideroblasts in the bone marrow
sideropenia
a deficiency of iron; results from inadequate iron in the diet or from hemorrhage
Spielmeyer-Vogt disease, juvenile amaurotic idiocy
a congenital progressive disorder of lipid metabolism having an onset at age 5 and characterized by blindness and dementia and early death
Tay-Sachs disease, Tay-Sachs, Sachs disease, infantile amaurotic idiocy
a hereditary disorder of lipid metabolism occuring most frequently in individuals of E European Jewish descent; accumulation of lipids in nervous tissue results in death in early childhood
afibrinogenemia
the absence of fibrinogen in the plasma leading to prolonged bleeding
thrombasthenia
a rare autosomal recessive disease in which the platelets do not produce clots in the normal way and hemorrhage results
hemophilia, haemophilia, bleeder's disease
congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding; usually affects males and is transmitted from mother to son
angiohemophilia, vascular hemophilia
a form of hemophilia discovered by von Willebrand
hemophilia A
hemophilia caused by a congenital deficiency of factor VIII; occurs almost exclusively in men
hemophilia B, Christmas disease
a clotting disorder similar to hemophilia A but caused by a congenital deficiency of factor IX
inflammatory disease
a disease characterized by inflammation
congenital afibrinogenemia
a rare congenital disorder of blood coagulation in which no fibrinogen is found in the blood plasma
Lyme disease
an inflammatory disease characterized by a rash with joint swelling and fever; caused by the bite of a deer tick
gastroenteritis, stomach flu
inflammation of the stomach and intestines; caused by Salmonella enteritidis
cholera infantum
often fatal form occurring in children; not true cholera but having similar symptoms
pelvic inflammatory disease, PID
inflammation of the female pelvic organs (especially the Fallopian tubes) caused by infection by any of several microorganisms (chiefly gonococci and chlamydia); symptoms are abdominal pain and fever and foul-smelling vaginal discharge
pleurisy
inflammation of the pleura (especially the parietal layer)
sore throat, pharyngitis, raw throat
inflammation of the fauces and pharynx
quinsy
a painful inflammation of the tonsils and surrounding tissues
angina
any disease of the throat or fauces marked by spasmodic attacks of intense suffocative pain
croup, spasmodic laryngitis
a disease of infants and young children; harsh coughing and hoarseness and fever and difficult breathing
amebiasis, amoebiasis, amebiosis, amoebiosis
infection by a disease-causing ameba
indisposition
a slight illness
infection
invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms causing inflammation
amebic dysentery, amoebic dysentery
inflammation of the intestines caused by Endamoeba histolytica; usually acquired by ingesting food or water contaminated with feces; characterized by severe diarrhea
hemorrhagic fever
a viral infection (usually restricted to a specific geographic area); fever and gastrointestinal symptoms are followed by capillary hemorrhage
fungal infection, mycosis
an inflammatory condition caused by a fungus
herpangia
a viral infection (usually in children) marked by sore throat and fever and papules in the mouth and throat and headache and abdominal pain; usually subsides in a short time
sepsis
the presence of pus-forming bacteria or their toxins in the blood or tissues
tetanus, lockjaw
an acute and serious infection of the central nervous system caused by bacterial infection of open wounds; spasms of the jaw and laryngeal muscles are a symptom
leishmaniasis
a tropical infection caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania
sporotrichosis
a chronic fungal infection of the skin and lymph nodes
kala-azar, Assam fever, dumdum fever
leishmaniasis of the viscera
oriental sore, tropical sore, Delhi boil, Aleppo boil, Old World leishmaniasis
leishmaniasis of the skin; characterized by ulcerative skin lesions
schistosomiasis, bilharzia, bilharziasis
an infection with a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East; symptoms depend on the part of the body infected
candidiasis, moniliasis, monilia disease
an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida (especially Candida albicans)
focal infection
bacterial infection limited to a specific organ or region especially one causing symptoms elsewhere
thrush
candidiasis of the oral cavity; seen mostly in infants or debilitated adults
felon, whitlow
a purulent infection at the end of a finger or toe in the area surrounding the nail
focus, nidus
a central point or locus of bacterial growth in an organism; "the focus of infection"
opportunistic infection
any infection caused by a microorganism that does not normally cause disease in humans; occurs in persons with abnormally functioning immune systems (as AIDS patients or transplant patients receiving immunosuppressive drugs)
aspergillosis
an opportunistic infection by a fungus of the genus Aspergillus; characterized by inflammation and lesions of the ear and other organs
pneumocystosis
an opportunistic infection causing a serious form of pneumonia
boil, furuncle
a painful sore with a hard pus-filled core
sore
an open skin infection
chilblain, chilblains, pernio
inflammation of the hands and feet caused by exposure to cold and moisture
gumboil
a boil or abscess on the gums
blain
an inflammatory swelling or sore
cartilaginification
abnormal formation of cartilage from other tissues; observed in some Orientals
kibe
ulcerated chilblain on the heel
carbuncle
an infection larger than a boil and with several openings for discharge of pus
chancre
a small hard painless nodule at the site of entry of a pathogen (as syphilis)
staphylococcal infection
an infection with Staphylococcus bacteria; usually marked by abscess formation
fester, suppurating sore
a sore that has become inflamed and formed pus
gall
a skin sore caused by chafing
saddle sore
sore on a horseback rider chafed by a saddle
shigellosis, bacillary dysentery
an acute infection of the intestine by Shigella bacteria; characterized by diarrhea and fever and abdominal pains
streptococcal sore throat, strep throat, streptococcus tonsilitis, septic sore throat
an infection of the oral pharynx and tonsils by streptococcus
psoriatic arthritis
a form of rheumatoid arthritis usually affecting fingers and toes and associated with psoriasis
sty, stye, hordeolum, eye infection
an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid
zoonosis
any inadvertent infection of humans by an animal pathogen
arthritis
inflammation of a joint or joints
rheumatoid arthritis, atrophic arthritis, rheumatism
a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities
autoimmune disease
any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes it to produce antibodies against your own tissues
Still's disease, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects children; large joints become inflamed and bone growth may be retarded
osteoarthritis, degenerative arthritis, degenerative joint disease
chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints occurring usually after middle age
sleeping sickness, sleepy sickness, epidemic encephalitis, lethargic encephalitis, encephalitis lethargica
an encephalitis that was epidemic between 1915 and 1926; symptoms include paralysis of the extrinsic eye muscle and extreme muscular weakness
housemaid's knee
swelling of the bursa in the knee
cystitis
inflammation of the urinary bladder and ureters
gout, gouty arthritis, urarthritis
a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints
spondylarthritis
arthritis that affects one or more of the intervertebral joints in the spine
blood poisoning, septicemia, septicaemia
invasion of the bloodstream by virulent microorganisms from a focus of infection
blood disease, blood disorder
a disease or disorder of the blood
sapremia, sapraemia
blood poisoning caused by putrefactive bacteria; results from eating putrified matter
toxemia, toxaemia
blood poisoning caused by toxic substances in the blood
eclampsia
characterized by convulsions and possibly coma during or immediately after pregnancy
toxemia of pregnancy, toxemia
an abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and edema and protein in the urine
preeclampsia
characterized by hypertension and fluid retention and albuminuria; can lead to eclampsia if untreated
hemoglobinopathy, haemoglobinopathy
a blood disease characterized by the presence of abnormal hemoglobins in the blood
Hand-Schuller-Christian disease, Schuller-Christian disease
inflammatory histiocytosis associated with disturbance of cholesterol metabolism; occurs chiefly in young children and is characterized by cystic defects of the skull and diabetes insipidus
hyperlipemia, hyperlipaemia, hyperlipidemia, hyperlipidaemia
a blood disorder characterized by the presence of excess lipids in the blood
Haverhill fever
the form of ratbite fever occurring in the United States
histiocytosis
a blood disease characterized by an abnormal multiplication of macrophages
hypovolemia
a blood disorder consisting of a decrease in the volume of circulating blood
thalassemia, thalassaemia, Mediterranean anemia
an inherited form of anemia caused by faulty synthesis of hemoglobin
anemia, anaemia
a deficiency of red blood cells
Cooley's anemia, thalassemia major
a fatal form of thalassemia in which there is no hemoglobin; skeletal deformations; heart and spleen and liver enlarged
leukopenia, leucopenia
an abnormal lowering of the white blood cell count
cyclic neutropenia
neutropenia that occurs periodically
neutropenia
leukopenia in which the decrease is primarily in number of neutrophils (the chief phagocytic leukocyte)
microcytosis
a blood disorder characterized by the presence of microcytes (abnormally small red blood cells) in the blood; often associated with anemia
pancytopenia
a disorder characterized by an abnormal reduction in the blood of erythrocytes and leukocytes and blood platelets
polycythemia
a disorder characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood
purpura, peliosis
any of several blood diseases causing subcutaneous bleeding
essential thrombocytopenia
the primary form of thrombocytopenia (rather than a shortage of platelets caused by with other conditions such as tuberculosis or chemical suppression of bone marrow etc.)
thrombocytopenic purpura, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, purpura hemorrhagica, Werlhof's disease
purpura of unknown origin associated with a reduction in circulating blood platelets
fibrocystic breast disease, fibrocystic disease of the breast, cystic breast disease, cystic mastitis
the presence of one or more cysts in a breast
thrombocytopenia, thrombopenia
a blood disease characterized by an abnormally small number of platelets in the blood
deficiency disease
any disease caused by a lack of an essential nutrient (as a vitamin or mineral)
avitaminosis, hypovitaminosis
any of several diseases caused by deficiency of one or more vitamins
hypervitaminosis
an abnormal condition resulting from taking vitamins excessively; can be serious for vitamins A or D or K
beriberi
caused by lack of thiamine (vitamin B1)
goiter, goitre, struma
enlarged thyroid gland resulting from iodine deficiency
malnutrition
a state of poor nutrition; can result from insufficient or excessive or unbalanced diet or from inability to absorb foods
zinc deficiency
a deficiency caused by inadequate zinc in the diet or by liver disease or cystic fibrosis or other diseases
marasmus
extreme malnutrition and emaciation (especially in children); can result from inadequate intake of food or from malabsorption or metabolic disorders
rickets, rachitis
childhood disease caused by deficiency of vitamin D and sunlight associated with impaired metabolism of calcium and phosphorus
pellagra
caused by deficiency of niacin (vitamin B3; nicotinic acid) and protein
ovarian cyst
a cystic tumor (usually benign) of the ovary
scurvy
a condition caused by deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
ailment, complaint, ill
an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining
hemorrhagic cyst, blood cyst, hematocyst
a cyst containing blood
chalazion, Meibomian cyst
a small sebaceous cyst of the eyelid resulting when a Meibomian gland is blocked
sebaceous cyst, pilar cyst, wen, steatocystoma
a common cyst of the skin; filled with fatty matter (sebum) that is secreted by a sebaceous gland that has been blocked
cyst
a closed sac that develops abnormally in some body structure
motion sickness
the state of being dizzy or nauseated because of traveling in a moving vehicle
pip
a minor nonspecific ailment
heatstroke
collapse caused by exposure to excessive heat
air sickness
motion sickness experienced while traveling by air (especially during turbulence)
car sickness
motion sickness experienced while traveling in an car
seasickness, mal de mer, naupathia
motion sickness experienced while traveling on water
sunstroke, insolation, thermic fever, siriasis
sudden prostration due to exposure to the sun or excessive heat
heat exhaustion, heat prostration
a condition marked by dizziness and nausea and weakness caused by depletion of body fluids and electrolytes
endometriosis, adenomyosis
the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus; causes premenstrual pain and dysmenorrhea
adhesion
abnormal union of bodily tissues; most common in the abdomen
synechia
adhesions between the iris and the lens or cornea resulting from trauma or eye surgery of as a complication of glaucoma or cataract; can lead to blindness
symphysis
an abnormal adhesion of two or more structures
anterior synechia
adhesion between the iris and the cornea
posterior synechia
adhesion between the iris and the lens
macrocytosis
the presence of macrocytes in the blood
infarct, infarction
localized necrosis resulting from obstruction of the blood supply
fibrosis
development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ
malacia
a state of abnormal softening of tissue
myelofibrosis
fibrosis of the bone marrow
osteomalacia
abnormal softening of bones caused by deficiencies of phosphorus or calcium or vitamin D
osteoporosis
abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones; common in postmenopausal women
osteopetrosis, Albers-Schonberg disease, marble bones disease
an inherited disorder characterized by an increase in bone density; in severe forms the bone marrow cavity may be obliterated
demineralization
abnormal loss of mineral salts (especially from bone)
tubercle
a swelling that is the characteristic lesion of tuberculosis
pyorrhea, pyorrhoea
discharge of pus
uremia, uraemia, azotemia, azotaemia
accumulation in the blood of nitrogen-bearing waste products (urea) that are usually excreted in the urine
azoturia
excess of urea in the urine
lesion
any visible abnormal structural change in a bodily part
ulcer, ulceration
an inflammatory and often suppurating lesion on the skin or an internal mucous surface resulting in necrosis of tissue
bedsore, decubitus ulcer
a chronic ulcer of the skin caused by prolonged pressure on it (as in bedridden patients)
canker
an ulceration (especially of the lips or living of the mouth)
chancroid
infectious venereal ulcer
peptic ulcer
an ulcer of mucuous membrane of the alimentary tract
gastric ulcer
a peptic ulcer of the stomach
noli-me-tangere
a cancerous ulcer of soft tissue and bone
affliction
a condition of suffering or distress due to ill health
blight
any plant disease resulting in withering without rotting
alder blight
a disease of alders caused by the woolly alder aphid (a plant louse)
cane blight
a disease affecting the canes of various bush fruits (e.g., raspberries or currants)
apple blight, apple canker
a disease of apple trees
beet blight
a disease of beet plants
blister blight
a disease of tea plants
blister blight
a disease of Scotch pines
celery blight
a fungous leaf spot disease of the celery plant
chestnut blight, chestnut canker, chestnut-bark disease
a disease of American chestnut trees
collar blight
a disease affecting the trunks of pear and apple trees
coffee blight
a blight affecting the coffee plant
blight canker
a phase of fire blight in which cankers appear
fire blight, pear blight
a disease blackening the leaves of pear and apple trees
halo blight
a blight affecting the leaves of oats and other grasses
halo blight, halo spot, bean blight
a blight of bean plants
wheat scab
a disease of the heads of wheat plants
head blight
a blight of the heads of cereals
leaf blight
any blight causing a browning and falling of the leaves of a plant
late blight
blight in which symptoms appear late in the growing season especially a disease of solanaceous plants caused by the fungus Phytophthora infestans
needle blight, needle cast, leaf cast
a disease of conifers causing the needles to fall
oak blight
a black plant louse that lives on oaks and dogwoods
stem blight
a fungous blight attacking the stems of plants
peach blight
a disease of trees bearing drupes
potato blight, potato mold, potato disease, potato mildew, potato murrain
a blight of potatoes
rim blight
a disease of tea plants
spinach blight
a disease of spinach plants
spur blight
a disease of raspberries
twig blight
a disease of the ends of twigs of woody plants
stripe blight
a disease of oats
thread blight
a disease of tropical woody plants(cocoa or tea or citrus)
tomato blight, tomato yellows
a disease of tomato plants
lupus vulgaris
tuberculosis of the skin; appears first on the face and heals slowly leaving deep scars
walnut blight
a disease of English walnut trees
sandfly fever, pappataci fever, phlebotomus
a mild viral disease transmitted by the bite of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasii
skin disease, disease of the skin, skin problem, skin condition
a disease affecting the skin
lupus erythematosus, LE, systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, disseminated lupus erythematosus
a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue (skin or joints)
discoid lupus erythematosus, DLE
a chronic skin disease occurring primarily in women between the ages of 20 and 40; characterized by an eruption of red lesions over the cheeks and bridge of the nose
acanthosis
an abnormal but benign thickening of the prickle-cell layer of the skin (as in psoriasis)
acantholysis
a breakdown of a cell layer in the epidermis (as in pemphigus)
acanthosis nigricans
a skin disease characterized by dark wart-like patches in the body folds; can be benign or malignant
acne
an inflammatory disease involving the sebaceous glands of the skin; characterized by papules or pustules or comedones
acne vulgaris
the most common form of acne; usually affects people from puberty to young adulthood
acne rosacea, rosacea
a skin disease of adults (more often women) in which blood vessels of the face enlarge resulting in a flushed appearance
actinic dermatitis
dermatitis caused exposure to sunlight
bubble gum dermatitis
an allergic contact dermatitis developed around the lips of children who chew bubble gum
atopic dermatitis
dermatitis characterized by atopy
diaper rash, diaper dermatitis
dermatitis of the thighs and buttocks of infants; supposedly caused by ammonia in the urine in the child's diapers
contact dermatitis
a delayed type of allergic reaction of the skin resulting from skin contact with a specific allergen (such as poison ivy)
cradle cap
a dermatitis of the scalp that is common in infants
schistosome dermatitis, swimmer's itch
a sensitization reaction to repeated invasion of the skin by cercariae of schistosomes (human or animal)
hypericism
a severe dermatitis of herbivorous domestic animals attributable to photosensitivity from eating Saint John's wort
impetigo
a very contagious infection of the skin; common in children; localized redness develops into small blisters that gradually crust and erode
eczema
generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin
keratosis follicularis
a rare hereditary condition marked by dark crusted patches (sometimes containing pus)
jungle rot
induced by a tropical climate
keratosis
a skin condition marked by an overgrowth of layers of horny skin
actinic keratosis
an overgrowth of skin layers resulting from extended exposure to the sun
leukoderma
a congenital skin condition characterized by spots or bands of unpigmented skin
seborrheic keratosis
a skin condition characterized by circumscribed wartlike lesions that can be itchy and covered with a greasy crust
lupus
any of several forms of ulcerative skin disease
melanosis, melanism
a condition characterized by abnormal deposits of melanin (especially in the skin)
pemphigus
a skin disease characterized by large thin-walled blisters (bullae) arising from normal skin or mucous membrane
psoriasis
a chronic skin disease characterized by dry red patches covered with scales; occurs especially on the scalp and ears and genitalia and the skin over bony prominences
Saint Anthony's fire
any of several inflammatory or gangrenous skin conditions
ergotism
poisoning by ergot-infected grain products and characterized by inflamed skin or gangrene in the limbs
erysipelas
an acute streptococcal infection characterized by deep-red inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes
seborrhea
a condition in which overactivity of the sebaceous glands causes the skin to become oily
seborrheic dermatitis
a chronic skin disease associated with seborrhea and greasy scales on the scalp or eyelids or other parts of the skin
vitiligo
an acquired skin disease characterized by patches of unpigmented skin (often surrounded by a heavily pigmented border)
cancer
any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream
chondrosarcoma
a malignant neoplasm of cartilage cells
neurosarcoma, malignant neuroma
a malignant neoplasm of nerve tissue and fibrous tissue and connective tissue
osteosarcoma, osteogenic sarcoma
malignant bone tumor; most common in children and young adults where it tends to affect the femur
lymphoma
a neoplasm of lymph tissue that is usually malignant; one of the four major types of cancer
chronic myelocytic leukemia, myeloid leukemia
chronic leukemia characterized by granular leukocytes; more common in older people
Hodgkin's disease
a malignant disorder in which there is progressive (but painless) enlargement of lymph tissue followed by enlargement of the spleen and liver
carcinoma
any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue; one of the four major types of cancer
cancroid, squamous cell carcinoma
the most common form of skin cancer
leukemia, leukaemia, cancer of the blood
malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; characterized by abnormal proliferation of leukocytes; one of the four major types of cancer
acute leukemia
rapidly progressing leukemia
acute lymphocytic leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia
acute leukemia characterized by proliferation of immature lymphoblast-like cells in bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, and blood; most common in children
acute myelocytic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia
acute leukemia characterized by proliferation of granular leukocytes; most common in adolescents and young adults
chronic leukemia
slowly progressing leukemia
chronic lymphocytic leukemia
chronic leukemia characterized by lymphoblast-like cells; more common in older men
sarcoma
a usually malignant tumor arising from connective tissue (bone or muscle etc.); one of the four major types of cancer
adenocarcinoma
malignant tumor originating in glandular epithelium
Kaposi's sarcoma
a sarcoma that starts with purplish spots on the and spreads from the skin to the lymph nodes and internal organs; a common manifestation of AIDS; "until 1980 Karposi's sarcoma occurred almost exclusively with Jewish or Italian or black men"
breast cancer
cancer of the breast; one of the most common malignancies in women in the US
carcinoma in situ, preinvasive cancer
a cluster of malignant cells that has not yet invaded the deeper epithelial tissue or spread to other parts of the body
colon cancer
a malignant tumor of the colon; early symptom is bloody stools
embryonal carcinoma
malignant neoplasm of the testis
endometrial carcinoma, endometrial cancer
cancer of the uterine lining
lung cancer
one of the commonest forms of cancer
seminoma, testicular cancer
malignant tumor of the testis; usually occurring in older men
mesothelioma
a rare form of carcinoma of the mesothelium lining lungs or abdomen or heart; usually associated with exposure to asbestos dust
pancreatic cancer
cancer of the pancreas
skin cancer
a malignant neoplasm of the skin
epithelioma
a malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue
glaucoma
increased pressure in the eyeball causes damage to the optic disc and impaired vision (sometimes progressing to blindness)
melanoma, malignant melanoma
any of several malignant neoplasms (usually of the skin) consisting of melanocytes
eye disease
a disease of the eye
trachoma
a chronic contagious viral disease marked by inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea of the eye and the formation of scar tissue
cataract
clouding of the natural lens of the eye
adenitis
inflammation of a gland or lymph node
alveolitis
inflammation of the alveoli in the lungs caused by inhaling dust; with repeated exposure the condition may become chronic
alveolitis, dry socket
inflammation in the socket of a tooth; sometimes occurs after a tooth is extracted and a blood clot fails to form
angiitis
inflammation of a blood vessel or lymph duct
appendicitis
inflammation of the vermiform appendix
aoritis
inflammation of the aorta
ophthalmia neonatorum
ophthalmia in newborns; contracted while passing through the birth canal; usually prevented with silver nitrate drops
arteritis
inflammation of an artery
ophthalmia, ophthalmitis
severe conjunctivitis
tenosynovitis
inflammation of the sheath surrounding a tendon
animal disease
a disease that typically does not affect human beings
actinomycosis
disease of cattle that can be transmitted to humans; results from infection with actinomycetes; characterized by hard swellings that exude pus through long sinuses
thoracic actinomycosis
a serious form of actinomycosis that affects the chest
cervicofacial actinomycosis, lumpy jaw
the commonest and least severe form of actinomycosis; affects the face and neck regions
abdominal actinomycosis
a serious form of actinomycosis that affects the abdomen
farmer's lung
alveolitis caused by an allergic reaction to fungal spores in the dust that is inhaled from moldy hay
anaplasmosis
a disease of cattle that is transmitted by cattle ticks; similar to Texas fever
bagassosis, bagascosis
alveolitis caused by inhaling bagasse (sugarcane dust)
anthrax, splenic fever
a highly infectious animal disease (especially cattle and sheep); it can be transmitted to people
aspergillosis, brooder pneumonia
severe respiratory disease of birds that takes the form of an acute rapidly fatal pneumonia in young chickens and turkeys
aspiration penumonia
inflammation of the lungs caused by inhaling or choking on vomitus; may occur during unconsciousness (anesthesia or drunkenness or seizure or cardiac arrest)
balanitis
inflammation of the head of the penis
balanoposthitis
inflammation of both the head of the penis and the foreskin
blepharitis
inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts
bighead
any of various diseases of animals characterized by edema of the head and neck
brucellosis, contagious abortion
an infectious disease often resulting in abortion; transmittable to humans through contaminated milk
bursitis
inflammation of a bursa; frequently in the shoulder
bull nose
a disease of pigs resulting in swelling of the snout
hemorrhagic septicemia, pasteurellosis
an acute infectious disease characterized by pneumonia and blood infection
canine chorea, chorea
chorea in dogs
costiasis
a fatal disease of fresh-water fish caused by a flagellated protozoan invading the skin
cowpox, vaccinia
a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; used to innoculate humans against smallpox
creeps
a disease of cattle and sheep attributed to a dietary deficiency; characterized by anemia and softening of the bones and a slow stiff gait
fowl cholera
an acute diarrheal disease (especially of chickens) caused by the microorganism that causes hemorrhagic septicemia
fowl pest
an acute viral disease of domestic fowl; characterized by refusal to each and high temperature and discoloration of the comb
distemper
any of various infectious diseases of animals
hog cholera
highly infectious virus disease
equine distemper, strangles
an acute bacterial disease of horses characterized by inflammation of the mucous membranes
canine distemper
a viral disease of young dogs characterized by high fever and respiratory inflammation
enterotoxemia
a disease of cattle and sheep that is attributed to toxins absorbed from the intestines
foot-and-mouth disease, hoof-and-mouth disease
acute contagious disease of cloven-footed animals marked by ulcers in the mouth and around the hoofs
foot rot
contagious degenerative infection of the feet of hoofed animals (especially cattle and sheep)
glanders
a destructive and contagious bacterial disease of horses
black disease, sheep rot, liver rot
a disease of the liver (especially in sheep and cattle) caused by liver flukes and their by-products
heaves, broken wind
a chronic emphysema of the horse that causes difficult expiration and heaving of the flanks
Marburg disease, Marburg-ebola disease, green monkey disease
a viral disease of green monkeys; when transmitted to humans it causes serious or fatal illness
albuminuria, proteinuria
the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine; usually a symptom of kidney disorder
Jacquemier's sign
a purplish discoloration of the mucuous membrane of the vagina that occurs early in pregnancy
aminoaciduria
abnormal presence of amino acids in the urine; usually a symptom of metabolic defects
ammoniuria
excessive ammonia in the urine
ketonemia, ketosis, acetonemia
an abnormal increase of ketone bodies in the blood as in diabetes mellitus
ketonuria, ketoaciduria, acetonuria
excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine as in diabetes mellitus or starvation
rabies, hydrophobia, madness
an acute viral disease of the nervous system of warm-blooded animals (usually transmitted by the bite of a rabid animal)
red water
a disease of cattle; characterized by hematuria
rhinotracheitis
an respiratory infection of the nose and throat in cattle
shipping fever, shipping pneumonia
a deadly form of septicemia in cattle and sheep; involves high fever and pneumonia; contracted under conditions of exposure or exhaustion (as often happens when the animals are shipped to market)
rinderpest, cattle plague
an acute infectious viral disease of cattle (usually fatal); characterized by fever and diarrhea and inflammation of mucous membranes
scours
diarrhea in livestock
spavin
a swelling of the hock joint of a horse; resulting in lameness
blood spavin
spavin caused by distension of the veins
bog spavin
spavin caused by collection of fluids
swamp fever, leptospirosis
an infectious disease cause by leptospira and transmitted to humans from domestic animals; characterized by jaundice and fever
bone spavin
spavin caused by a bony growth
Weil's disease
a severe form of leptospirosis in human beings
canicola fever
an acute feverish disease in people and in dogs marked by gastroenteritis and mild jaundice
loco disease, locoism
a disease of livestock caused by locoweed poisoning; characterized by weakness and lack of coordination and trembling and partial paralysis
scabies, itch
a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite (Sarcoptes scaboi); characterized by persistent itching and skin irritation; "he has a bad case of the itch"
mange
an persistent and contagious disease of the skin causing inflammation and itching and loss of hair; affects domestic animals (and sometimes people)
moon blindness, mooneye
recurrent eye inflammation in horses; sometimes resulting in blindness
superinfection
infection that occurs while you are being treated for another infection
suprainfection
a secondary infection caused by an opportunistic infection
trichomoniasis
infection of the vagina
murrain
any plaguelike disease of domestic animals
myxomatosis
a viral disease (usually fatal) of rabbits
Newcastle disease
disease of domestic fowl and other birds
pullorum disease, bacillary white diarrhea
a serious bacterial disease of young chickens
pip
a disease of poultry
psittacosis, parrot disease, parrot fever
infectious disease of birds
sweating sickness
a disease of cattle (especially calves)
tularemia, tularaemia, rabbit fever, deer fly fever
disease of rodents (especially rabbits and squirrels) and sometimes transmitted to humans by ticks or flies or by handling infected animals
Texas fever
an infectious disease of cattle transmitted by the cattle tick
trembles, milk sickness
disease of livestock and especially cattle poisoned by eating certain kinds of snakeroot
blister rust, white-pine rust, white pine blister rust
any of several diseases of pines caused by rust fungi of the genus Cronartium and marked by destructive invasion of bark and sapwood and producing blisters externally
plant disease
a disease that affects plants
rust
a reddish-brown discoloration of leaves and stems caused by a rust fungus
blackheart
any of various diseases in which the central tissues blacken
bottom rot
fungous disease of lettuce that first rots lower leaves and spreads upward
black knot
disease of plum and cherry trees characterized by black excrescences on the branches
black rot
a fungous disease causing darkening and decay of the leaves of fruits and vegetables
brown rot
any of certain fungous diseases of plants characterized by browning and decay of tissues
brown rot gummosis, gummosis
disease of citrus trees caused by the fungus Phytophthora citrophthora
gummosis
pathological production of gummy exudates in citrus and various stone-fruit trees
ring rot, ring disease, tobacco wilt
disease of tomatoes and potatoes and tobacco etc caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas solanacearum
crown gall
a bacterial disease of plants (especially pome and stone fruits and grapes and roses) which forms excrescences on the stem near the ground
cotton ball
a fungus disease of cranberries
hairy root
a phase of crown gall (especially in apples) during which there is abnormal development of fine fibrous roots
crown wart
a fungous disease of alfalfa which forms white excrescences at the base of the stem
dieback
a disease of plants characterized by the gradula dying of the young shoots starting at the tips and progressing to the larger branches
damping off
a plant disease caused by a fungus; diseased condition of seedlings in excessive moisture
potato mosaic
a disease of the leaves of potato plants
dry rot
a crumbling and drying of timber or bulbs or potatoes or fruit caused by a fungus
heartrot
any plant disease in which the central part of a plant rots (especially in trees)
mosaic
viral disease in solanaceous plants (tomatoes; potatoes; tobacco) resulting in mottling and often shriveling of the leaves
tobacco mosaic
a plant disease causing discoloration of the leaves of tobacco plants
rhizoctinia disease
disease caused by rhizoctinia or fungi of Pellicularia and Corticium
tomato streak
disease of a wide range of plants (tomatoes; potatoes; peas) resulting from a mixed infection of potato and tomato mosaic
pink disease
serious bark disease of many tropical crop trees (coffee; citrus; rubber); branches have a covering of pink hyphae
little potato, rosette, russet scab, stem canker
rhizoctinia disease of potatoes
potato wart
fungous disease causing dark warty spongy excrescences in the eyes of potato tubers
sweet-potato ring rot
disease of sweet potatoes in which roots are girdled by rings of dry rot
root rot
disease characterized by root decay; caused by various fungi
sclerotium disease, sclerotium rot
plant disease cause by fungi of the genus Sclerotium; also one in which sclerotia are formed
Dutch elm disease
disease of elms caused by a fungus
ergot
a plant disease caused by the ergot fungus
foot rot
plant disease in which the stem or trunk rots at the base
fusarium wilt
caused by fungi of the genus Fusarium
granville wilt
a bacterial wilt of tobacco plants
pinkroot
a fungal disease of onions
wilt, wilt disease
any plant disease characterized by drooping and shriveling; usually caused by parasites attacking the roots
verticilliosis
caused by soil-borne fungi of the genus Verticillium
smut
destructive diseases of plants (especially cereal grasses) caused by fungi that produce black powdery masses of spores
loose smut
disease of grains; the entire head is a dusty mass of spores
flag smut
smut affecting leaves and stems of cereals and other grasses
bunt, stinking smut
disease of wheat characterized by replacement of the grains with greasy masses of smelly smut spores
green smut, false smut
disease of rice; grains covered by a green powder consisting of conidia
soft rot
mushy or slimy decay of plants caused by bacteria or fungi
leak
soft watery rot in fruits and vegetables caused by fungi
yellow dwarf
any of several virus diseases of plants characterized by stunting and yellowing of the leaves
yellow dwarf of potato, potato yellow dwarf
the yellow dwarf disease of potato plants
onion yellow dwarf
the yellow dwarf disease of onion plants
yellow spot
any of several fungous or viral diseases characterized by yellow spotting on the leaves
epidemic pleurodynia, epidemic myalgia, myosis, diaphragmatic pleurisy, Bornholm disease
an acute infectious disease occurring in epidemic form and featuring paroxysms of pain (usually in the chest)
filariasis
a disease caused by nematodes in the blood or tissues of the body causing blockage of lymphatic vessels
meromelia
congenital absence of part of an arm or leg
birth defect, congenital anomaly, congenital defect, congenital disorder, congenital abnormality
a defect that is present at birth
hydrocephalus, hydrocephaly
an abnormal condition in which cerebrospinal fluid collects in the ventricles of the brain; in infants it can cause abnormally rapid growth of the head and bulging fontanelles and a small face; in adults the symptoms are primarily neurological
abrachia
the condition of having no arms
amelia
congenital absence of an arm or leg
phocomelia, seal limbs
an abnormality of development in which the upper part of an arm or leg is missing so the hands or feet are attached to the body like stumps; rare condition that results from taking thalidomide during pregnancy
meningocele
a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)
myelomeningocele
a congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column; frequently accompanied by hydrocephalus and mental retardation
scaphocephaly
congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation
septal defect
a congenital abnormality in the septum between the left and right sides of the heart
atrial septal defect
an abnormal opening between the left and right atria of the heart
ventricular septal defect
a common congenital heart defect; an abnormal opening in the septum dividing the ventricles allows blood to pass directly from the left to the right ventricle; large openings may cause congestive heart failure
spina bifida, schistorrhachis
a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
tongue tie, ankyloglossia
a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
spinocerebellar disorder
any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia
syndactyly, syndactylism
a birth defect (in humans) in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
anoxemia
abnormally low oxygen content in arterial blood
atelectasis
collapse of an expanded lung (especially in infants); also failure of pulmonary alveoli to expand at birth
arrested development, fixation, infantile fixation, regression
an abnormal state in which development has stopped prematurely
cyclopia
a developmental abnormality in which there is only one eye
chromosomal aberration, chromosomal anomaly
any change in the normal structure or number of chromosomes; often results in physical or mental abnormalities
spinal curvature
an abnormal curvature of the vertebral column
lordosis, hollow-back
an abnormal inward (forward) curvature of the vertebral column
kyphosis, humpback, hunchback
an abnormal backward curve to the vertebral column
scoliosis
an abnormal lateral curve to the vertebral column
gynecomastia
excessive development of the breasts in males; usually the result of hormonal imbalance or treatment with certain drugs (including some antihypertensives)
dwarfism, nanism
a genetic abnormality resulting in short stature
cross-eye, crossed eye, convergent strabismus
strabismus in which eyes turn inward toward the nose
pycnodysostosis
a form of dwarfism accompanied by fragile bones and bad teeth
porphyria
a genetic abnormality of metabolism causing abdominal pains and mental confusion
infantilism
an abnormal condition in which an older child or adult retains infantile characteristics
macrocephaly, megacephaly, megalocephaly
an abnormally large head; differs from hydrocephalus because there is no increased intracranial pressure and the overgrowth is symmetrical
ateleiosis, ateliosis
a form of infantilism characterized by physical underdevelopment but normal intelligence
microbrachia
abnormally small arms
microcephaly, microcephalus, nanocephaly
an abnormally small head and underdeveloped brain
immediate allergy, atopy, atopic allergy, type I allergic reaction
an allergic reaction that becomes apparent in a sensitized person only minutes after contact
delayed allergy, type IV allergic reaction
an allergic reaction that becomes apparent only hours after contact
serum sickness, serum disease
a delayed allergic reaction to the injection of an antiserum caused by an antibody reaction to an antigen in the donor serum
allergy, allergic reaction
hypersensitivity reaction to a particular allergen; symptoms can vary greatly in intensity
hypersensitivity reaction
an inappropriate and excessive reaction to an allergen (as pollen or dust or animal hair or certain foods); severity ranges from mild allergy to severe systemic reactions leading to anaphylactic shock
cryesthesia, cryaesthesia
hypersensitivity to cold
anaphylaxis
hypersensitivity reaction to the ingestion or injection of a substance (a protein or drug) resulting from prior contact with a substance
allergic rhinitis
rhinitis caused by an allergic reaction
hypersensitivity
pathological sensitivity
eosinophilia
a symptom of allergic states; increased eosinophils in the blood
hay fever, pollinosis
a seasonal rhinitis resulting from an allergic reaction to pollen
diathesis
constitutional predisposition to a particular disease or abnormality
disability of walking
a disability that interferes with or prevents walking
disability, disablement, handicap, impairment
the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness
paralytic abasia
abasia related to paralysis of the leg muscles
abasia
inability to walk
abasia trepidans
abasia due to trembling of the legs
atactic abasia, ataxic abasia
abasia due to ataxia of the legs
choreic abasia
abasia related to abnormal movements of the legs
paroxysmal trepidant abasia
abasia related to spasticity of the legs
spastic abasia
abasia due to spastic contractions of the leg muscles
lameness, limping, gimp, gimpiness, gameness, claudication
disability of walking due to crippling of the legs or feet
tone deafness
an inability to distinguish differences in pitch
astasia
inability to stand due to muscular incoordination
hearing impairment, hearing loss
impairment of the sense of hearing
deafness
partial or complete loss of hearing
conductive hearing loss, conduction deafness, middle-ear deafness
hearing loss due to problems with the bones of the middle ear
sensorineural hearing loss, nerve deafness
hearing loss due to failure of the auditory nerve
analgesia
absence of the sense of pain without loss of consciousness
deaf-mutism, deaf-muteness
congenital deafness that results in inability to speak
anosmia, olfactory impairment
impairment of the sense of smell (as by damage to olfactory nasal tissue or the olfactory nerve or by obstruction of the nasal passages)
myopia, nearsightedness, shortsightedness
(ophthalmology) eyesight abnormality resulting from the eye's faulty refractive ability
visual impairment, visual defect, vision defect
impairment of the sense of sight
ametropia
(ophthalmology) faulty refraction of light rays in the eye as in astigmatism or myopia
anopia
sightlessness (especially because of a structural defect in or the absence of an eye)
astigmatism, astigmia
(ophthalmology) impaired eyesight resulting usually from irregular conformation of the cornea
blindness, sightlessness, cecity
lack of sight
amaurosis
partial or total loss of sight without pathology of the eye; caused by disease of optic nerve or retina or brain
amblyopia
dimness of vision without apparent organic pathology
aniseikonia
visual defect in which the shape and size of an ocular image differ in the two eyes
anorthopia
distorted vision in which straight lines appear curved
hyperopia, hypermetropia, hypermetropy, farsightedness, longsightedness
abnormal condition in which vision for distant objects is better than for near objects
presbyopia
reduced ability to focus caused by loss of elasticity of crystalline lens with age
nyctalopia, night blindness, moon blindness
inability to see clearly in dim light; due to a deficiency of vitamin A or to a retinal disorder
metamorphopsia
a defect of vision in which objects appear to be distorted; usually due to a defect in the retina
hemeralopia, day blindness
inability to see clearly in bright light
figural blindness
inability to see shapes and contours
strabismus, squint
abnormal alignment of one or both eyes
walleye, divergent strabismus
strabismus in which one or both eyes are directed outward
dysfunction
(medical) any disturbance in the function of an organ or body part
torticollis, wryneck
an unnatural condition in which the head leans to one side because the neck muscles on that side are contracted
paralysis, palsy
loss of the ability to move a body part
prolapse, prolapsus
the slipping or falling out of place of an organ (as the uterus)
paresis
a slight or partial paralysis
metroptosis
prolapse of the uterus
ptosis
drooping of the upper eyelid caused by muscle paralysis and weakness
paraplegia
paralysis of the lower half of the body
quadriplegia
paralysis of both arms and both legs
hemiplegia
paralysis of one side of the body
knock-knee, genu valgum, tibia valga
inward slant of the thigh
bow leg, bow legs, bandy legs
outward curvature of the legs
sarcoidosis
a chronic disease of unknown cause marked by the formation of nodules in the lungs and liver and lymph glands and salivary glands
urinary hesitancy
difficulty in beginning the flow of urine; associated with prostate enlargement in men and with narrowing of the urethral opening in women; may be caused by emotional stress in either men or women
sclerodema
a skin disease marked by hardening of the tissue usually beginning in the face
scleroderma
an autoimmune disease that affects the blood vessels and connective tissue
Klinefelter's syndrome
a chromosomal anomaly in males who have more than one X chromosome (XXY or XXXY instead of XY); marked by small testes and long legs and enlarged breasts and decreased sperm production and mental retardation
sex-linked disorder
any disease or abnormality that is determined by the sex hormones; "hemophilia is determined by a gene defect on an X chromosome"
Turner's syndrome
a chromosomal disorder in females who have only one X chromosome; marked by dwarfism and heart abnormalities and underdeveloped sex organs
urinary tract infection
any infection of any of the organs of the urinary tract
pyelonephritis
inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis caused by bacterial infection
carotenemia, xanthemia
excess carotene in the blood stream; can cause the skin to turn a pale yellow-red color
acute pyelonephritis
pyelonephritis resulting from the spread of a bladder infection
chronic pyelonephritis
pyelonephritis that develops slowly and can lead to renal failure if untreated; often associated with a kidney stone or with narrowing of the urinary passageways
urethritis
inflammation of the urethra; results in painful urination
stasis
an abnormal state in which the normal flow of a liquid (such as blood) is slowed or stopped
sodoku, spirillum fever
the form of ratbite fever occurring in the Far East
steatorrhea
the presence of greater than normal amounts of fat in the feces which are frothy and foul smelling and floating; a symptom of disorders of fat metabolism and malabsorption syndrome
stridor
a whistling sound when breathing (usually heard on inspiration); indicates obstruction of the trachea or larynx
tinnitus
a ringing or booming sensation in one or both ears; a symptom of an ear infection or Meniere's disease
climax
the most severe stage of a disease
shin splints
painful inflammation of the muscles around the shins; frequent among runners
halitosis
offensive breath
disagree with
be note very well digestible; as of certain foods that don't agree with some people
constipate, bind
cause to be constipated
gag, heave
choke, retch, or have a spasm causing one to regurgitate
gag, choke
cause to retch or choke
ail
be unwell, ill, or ill disposed
sicken, come down
get sick; "She fell sick last Friday, and now she is in the hospital"
contract, take, get
be stricken by an illness, fall victim to an illness; "He got AIDS"; "She came down with pneumonia"; "She took a chill"
wan
become pale and sickly
sicken
make sick or ill; "This kind of food sickens me
catch
contract; "did you catch a cold?"
catch cold
come down with a cold
infect, taint
contaminate with a disease or microorganism
smut
affect with smut or mildew, as of a crop such as corn
infect
communicate a disease to; "Your children have infected you with this bead cold"
canker
infect with a canker
canker
become infected with a canker
deteriorate, drop, degenerate
grow worse; "Her condition deteriorated"
recuperate, recover, convalesce
get over an illness or shock; "The patient is recuperating"
waste, rot
waste away; "Political prisoners are wasting away in many prisons all over the world"
languish, fade
become feeble
atrophy
undergo atrophy; "Muscles that are not used will atrophy"
hypertrophy
undergo hypertrophy, as of muscles
ankylose, ancylose
undergo ankylosis; of joints
ankylose, ancylose
produce ankylosis by surgery
fester, suppurate
generate pus; of wounds
necrose, gangrene, mortify, sphacelate
undergo necrosis; of tissue
generalize
become systemic; spread throughout the body; of diseases and infections
metastasize
spread throughout the body, of cancer cells
jaundice
affect with, or as if with, jaundice
smut
become affected with smut, as of corn
mold, mildew
become moldy; spoil due to humidity; "The furniture molded in the old house"
dry-rot
affect or be affected with with dry-rot
die back, die down
suffer from a disease that kills shoots; "The plants near the garage are dying back"
palsy
affect with palsy
erupt, break out
manifest skin eruptions; "He broke out in hives"; "My skin breaks out when I eat strawberries"
chap
crack due to dehydration, as of skin or lips; "My lips chap in this dry weather"
waste, emaciate, macerate
cause to grow thin or weak; "The treatment emaciated him"
emaciate
grow weak and thin or waste away physically; "She emaciated during the chemotherapy"
enfeeble, debilitate, drain
make weak; "Life in the camp drained him"
pine away, waste, languish
lose vigor, health, or flesh, as through grief; "After her husband died, she just pined away"
enervate
weaken mentally or morally
caseate
become cheeselike, of necrotic tissue
crack up, crack, crock up, break up, collapse
suffer a nervous breakdown
chafe, gall, fret
become or make sore by or as if by rubbing
film over, glaze over, blur
become glassy; lose clear vision; "Her eyes glazed over from lack of sleep
squint
be cross-eyed; have a squint or strabismus
snow-blind
affect with snow blindness
sicken, nauseate
make sick or nauseated; turn one's stomach
subacute
less than acute; relating to a disease present in a person with no symptoms of it
acute
(medicine) having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course; "acute appendicitis"; "the acute phase of the illness"; "acute patients
chronic
(medicine) being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering; "chronic indigestion"; "a chronic shortage of funds"; "a chronic invalid"
degenerative, progressive
of illness; marked by gradual deterioration of organs and cells along with loss of function; "degenerative diseases of old age"
prolonged
of illness; developing slowly or of long duration
deadly
(of a disease) having a rapid course and violent effect
anal
(psychoanalysis) a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated on the anal region; fixation at this stage is said to result in orderliness, meanness, stubbornness, compulsiveness, etc.
oral
(psychoanalysis) a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated in the mouth; fixation at this stage is said to result in dependence, selfishness, and aggression
aphonic, joiceless
being voiceless through injury or illness and thus incapable of all but whispered speech
dumb, mute, silent
unable to speak because of hereditary deafness
malignant
(pathology) characterized by progressive and uncontrolled growth (especially of a tumor); "a malignant tumor"
bad, tough
feeling physical discomfort or pain; "my throat feels bad"; "she felt bad all over"; ('tough' is occasionally used colloquially for `bad' as in "he was feeling tough after a restless night")
constipated
have difficult or incomplete or infrequent evacuation of the bowels
diarrheal, diarrhetic
of or relating to diarrhea
acritical
without a crisis (as of some diseases)
cross-eyed
having convergent strabismus
boss-eyed
(British informal) cross-eyed
walleyed
having divergent strabismus
remittent
(of a disease) characterized by periods of diminished severity; "a remittent fever"
anorexic, anorectic
suffering from anorexia nervosa; pathologically thin
apractic, apraxic
having uncoordinated muscular movements, symptomatic of a CNS disorder
autistic
characteristic of or suffering from autism
bandy, bandy-legged, bowed, bowleg, bowlegged
have legs that curve outward at the knees
broken-backed
(of a horse) having bones of the back united by a bony growth
knock-kneed
having the knees abnormally close together and the ankles wide apart
crippled, halt, halting, lame
disabled in the feet or legs
crookback, crookbacked, humped, humpbacked, hunchback, hunchbacked
characteristic of or suffering from kyphosis
gammy
(British informal) sore or lame; "a gammy foot"
dipped, lordotic, swayback, swaybacked
having abnormal sagging of the spine (especially in horses)
pigeon-toed
having feet that turn inward
splayfooted, splayfoot
having feet that turn outward
flat-footed
having broad flat feet that usually turn outward; "a slow flat-footed walk"
functional
(pathology) involving or affecting function rather than physiology; "functional deafness"
organic
(pathology) involving or affecting physiology or bodily organs; "an organic disease"
specific
(med and pathology) being or affecting a disease produced by a particular microorganism or condition; used also of stains or dyes used in making microscope slides; "quinine is highly specific for malaria"; "a specific remedy"; "a specific stain is one having a specific affinity for particular structural elements
nonspecific
(medicine and pathology) not caused by a specific agent; used also of staining in making microscope slides; "nonspecific enteritis"
unhealthy
not in or exhibiting good health in body or mind; "unhealthy ulcers"
angry
severely inflamed and painful; "an angry sore"
arthritic, creaky, rheumatic, rheumatoid
of or pertaining to arthritis; "my creaky old joints"
asthmatic, wheezing, wheezy
relating to breathing with a whistling sound
bad, unfit, unsound
physically unsound or diseased; "has a bad back"; "a bad heart"; "bad teeth"; "an unsound limb"; "unsound teeth"
bloated, distended, puffed, puffy, swollen, tumescent, tumid
abnormally distended especially by fluids or gas; "hungry children with bloated stomachs"; "he had a grossly distended stomach"; "eyes with puffed (or puffy) lids"; "swollen hands"; "tumescent tissue"; "puffy tumid flesh"
blebby, blistery
covered with small blisters
bloodshot
reddened as a result of locally congested blood vessels; inflamed; "bloodshot eyes"
carbuncled, carbuncular
afflicted with or resembling a carbuncle
cankerous, ulcerated, ulcerous
having an ulcer or canker
carious
(of teeth) affected with cavities or decay
caseous
of damaged or necrotic tissue; cheeselike
chilblained
having chilblains; "her poor chilblained hands"
colicky, flatulent, gassy
suffering from excessive gas in the alimentary canal
debilitated, enfeebled, infirm, seedy
weak and feeble; "I'm feeling seedy today"
diseased, morbid, pathologic, pathological
caused by or altered by or manifesting disease or pathology; "diseased tonsils"; "a morbid growth"; "pathologic tissue"; "pathological bodily processes"
dehydrated
suffering from excessive loss of water from the body; "fever resulted from becoming dehydrated"; "was dehydrated after the marathon"
edematous, dropsical
swollen with an excessive accumulation of fluid
foaming, foamy, frothing
producing or covered with lathery sweat or saliva from exhaustion or disease; "the rabid animal's frothing mouth"
inflamed
resulting from inflammation; hot and swollen and reddened; "eyes inflamed with crying"
gangrenous, mortified
suffering from tissue death
inflammatory
characterized or caused by inflammation; "an inflammatory process"; "an inflammatory response"
ingrowing, ingrown
growing abnormally into the flesh; "an ingrown toenail"
jaundiced, yellow
affected by jaundice which causes yellowing of skin etc
sunburned, sunburnt
suffering from overexposure to direct sunlight
raw, sore
inflamed and painful; "his throat was raw"; "had a sore throat"
sore-eyed
having sore eyes; suffering from pinkeye or conjunctivitis
varicose
abnormally swollen or knotty; "varicose veins"
loose
freely producing mucus; "a loose phlegmy cough"
phlegmy
characterized by phlegm; "a phlegmy discharge"
flatulent
generating excessive gas in the alimentary canal
algid
(medicine) chilly; "a person who is algid is marked by prostration and has cold clammy skin and low blood pressure"
ametropic, astigmatic, myopic, presbyopic, visually impaired
visual impairment resulting from faulty refraction of light rays in the eye
anosmic
having impaired sense of smell
dysfunctional
impaired in function; especially of a bodily system or organ
catching, communicable, contagious, contractable, transmissible, transmittable
(of disease) capable of being transmitted by infection
noncommunicable, noncontagious, nontransmissible
(of disease) not capable of being passed on
ventricose, ventricous
(biology; anatomy) having a swelling on one side; "the ventricose gullet of an insect"
systemic
affecting an entire system; "a systemic poison"
generalized
spread throughout a body or system; "generalized edema"
epiphytotic
(of plants) epidemic among plants of a single kind especially over a wide area; "an epiphytotic blight of potatoes"; "epiphytotic conditions associated with a single-plant agriculture"
epidemic
(especially of medicine) of disease or anything resembling a disease; attacking or affecting many individuals in a community or a population simultaneously; "an epidemic outbreak of influenza"
pandemic
epidemic over a wide geographical area; "a pandemic outbreak of malaria"
epizootic
(of animals) epidemic among animals of a single kind within a particular region; "an epizootic disease"
pestilent, pestilential, plaguelike, plaguey
likely to spread and cause an epidemic disease; "a pestilential malignancy in the air"- Jonathan Swift; "plaguelike diseases"; "plaguey fevers"
endemic
(of disease or anything resembling a disease) constantly present to greater or lesser extent in a particular locality; "diseases endemic to the tropics"; "endemic malaria"; "food shortages and starvation are endemic in certain parts of the world"
antidromic
(physiology) conducting nerve impulses in a direction opposite to normal
brachydactylic, brachydactylous
having abnormally short finger or toes
hypertensive
having abnormally high blood pressure
hypotensive
having abnormally low blood pressure
thrombosed
affected with or obstructed by a clot of coagulated blood
doddering, doddery, gaga, senile
mentally or physically infirm with age; "his mother was doddering and frail"
retarded
relatively slow in mental or emotional or physical development; "providing a secure and sometimes happy life for the retarded"
cretinous
afflicted with cretinism
amnesic, amnesiac
suffering from a partial loss of memory
irritable
(pathology) abnormally sensitive to a stimulus
dead, deadened
devoid of physical sensation; numb; "his gums were dead from the novocain"; "she felt no discomfort as the dentist drilled her deadened tooth"; "a public desensitized by continuous television coverage of atrocities"
abscessed
infected and filled with pus; "an abscessed tooth"
festering, infected, purulent, pussy, putrid
having undergone infection; "festering sores"; "an infected wound"
infectious, infective
caused by infection or capable of causing infection; viruses and other infective agents"; "a carrier remains infective without himself showing signs of the disease"
putrefactive, putrefacient
causing or promoting bacterial putrefaction
septicemic
characteristic of septicemia; "a septicemic temperature curve"
acromegalic, pituitary
having abnormal size with overgrown extremities resulting from abnormal pituitary secretion; "a protruding acromegalic jaw"; "a pituitary dwarf"
clubfooted
having a deformed foot
pigeon-breasted, chicken-breasted
having a chest deformity marked by a projecting breastbone caused by infantile rickets
nearsighted
unable to see distant objects clearly
myopic, shortsighted
(ophthalmology) inability to focus on near objects
farsighted
able to see distant objects clearly
color-blind, colour-blind
unable to distinguish one or more chromatic colors
deuteranopic, green-blind
inability to see the color green or to distinguish green and purplish-red
protanopic, red-blind
inability to see the color red or to distinguish red and bluish-green
tritanopic, blue-blind
inability to see the color blue or to distinguish the colors blue and yellow
verrucose, warty, wartlike
(of skin) covered with warts or projections that resemble warts
ill-fed, underfed, undernourished
not getting adequate food; "gaunt underfed children"; "badly undernourished"
malnourished
not being provided with adequate nourishment
starved, starving
suffering from lack of food
palsied
affected with palsy or uncontrollable tremor; "hands weak and palsied"
allergic, hypersensitive, hypersensitized, sensitized, supersensitive, supersensitized
having an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility (especially to a specific factor); "allergic children"; "hypersensitive to pollen"
hypotonic
(of living tissue) lacking normal tone or tension
hypertonic
(of living tissue) in a state of abnormally high tension; "hypertonic muscle tissue"
footsore
having sore or tired feet
refractory, stubborn
(med) not responding to treatment; "a stubborn infection"; "a refractory case of acne"
stressed, distressed, in a bad way(p)
suffering severe physical strain or distress; "he dropped out of the race, clearly distressed and having difficulty breathing"; "the victim was in a bad way and needed immediate attention"
afflicted, stricken
grievously affected especially by disease
ill, sick
not in good physical or mental health; "ill from the monotony of his suffering"
ailing, indisposed, peaked(p), poorly(p), sickly, unwell
somewhat ill or prone to illness; "my poor ailing grandmother"; "feeling a bit indisposed today"; "you look a little peaked"; "feeling poorly"; "a sickly child"; "is unwell and can't come to work"
aguish
affected by ague
bilious, liverish, livery
suffering from or suggesting a liver disorder or gastric distress
airsick, carsick, seasick
experiencing motion sickness
bedfast, bedridden, bedrid, infirm, sick-abed
confined to bed (by illness)
bronchitic
suffering from or prone to bronchitis
consumptive
afflicted with or or associated with pulmonary tuberculosis; "a consumptive patient"; "a consumptive cough"
convalescent, recovering
returning to health after illness or debility; "convalescent children are difficult to keep in bed"
diabetic
suffering from diabetes
dyspeptic
suffering from dyspepsia
laid up(p)
ill and usually confined; "laid up with a bad cold"
feverish, feverous
having or affected by a fever
gouty
suffering from gout
laid low(p), stricken
put out of action (by illness)
nauseated, queasy, sick, sickish
feeling nausea; feeling about to vomit
spastic
suffering from spastic paralysis; "a spastic child"
scrofulous
afflicted with scrofula
sneezy
inclined to sneeze
upset
mildly physically distressed; "an upset stomach"
tubercular, tuberculous
constituting or afflicted with or caused by tuberculosis or the tubercle bacillus; "a tubercular child"; "tuberculous patients"; "tubercular meningitis"
unhealed
not healed; "an unhealed wound"
abasic, abatic
of or relating to abasia (inability to walk)
acanthotic
of or relating to or having acanthosis
acapnic, acapnial, acapnotic
relating to or demonstrating acapnia
acidotic
having or being characterized by acidosis
actinomycotic
of or related to actinomycosis infection
adenocarcinomatous
of or pertaining to adenocarcinoma
agranulocytic
relating to the blood disorder of agranulocytosis
agraphic
relating to or having agraphia
albinal, albinotic, albinic, albinistic
of or pertaining to or affected by albinism
albuminuric
of or related to the state of albuminuria
alkalotic
marked by alkalosis (or a tendency toward alkalosis)
allergic
characterized by or caused by allergy; "an allergic reaction"
alopecic
pertaining to loss of hair or wool or feathers
amaurotic
pertaining to blindness caused by amaurosis
amblyopic
pertaining to a kind of visual impairment without apparent organic pathology
amenorrheic, amenorrhoeic, amenorrheal, amenorrhoeal
related to the suppression of normal menstrual flow for any reason other than pregnancy
ametropic
of or related to ametropia
amnestic, amnesic
of or relating to or caused by amnesia
anasarcous
characterized by or affected by dropsy
anencephalic, anencephalous
characterized by partial or total absence of a brain
angiomatous
of or related to or having a tumor of the kind known as an angioma
anginal, anginose, anginous
of or related to the pain of angina pectoris
aniseikonic
relating to or characteristic of the visual defect aniseikonia
anisometropic
relating to a difference in the refractive power of the two eyes
ankylotic
relating to or characteristic of the abnormality ankylosis
anopheline
relating to or characteristic of malaria mosquitoes
anosmic, anosmatic
relating to an impairment or loss of the sense of smell
anoxemic
relating to or marked by abnormally little oxygen in arterial blood
anoxic
relating to or marked by a severe deficiency of oxygen in tissues or organs
anuretic, anuric
of or relating to an inability to urinate
aphakic
of or relating to or afflicted with aphakia
aphasic
related to or affected by aphasia; "aphasic speech"
apneic, apnoeic
of or relating to apnea
apoplectic
pertaining to or characteristic of apoplexy; "apoplectic seizure"
arthralgic
of or relating to arthralgia
ascitic
of or relating to or resulting from an abnormal accumulation of protein and electrolyte rich fluid in the peritoneal cavity
astigmatic
pertaining to a kind of impaired eyesight
ataxic, atactic
lacking motor coordination; marked or caused by ataxia
atherosclerotic
of or relating to atherosclerosis
avitaminotic
of or relating to or characteristic of avitaminosis
azotemic, uremic
of or involving excess nitrogenous waste products in the urine (usually due to kidney insufficiency)
bacteremic
of or relating to or having bacteremia
bacteriolytic
of or relating to or causing bacteriolysis
bacteriostatic
of or relating to or causing bacteriostasis
cachectic
relating to or having the symptoms of cachexia
cancroid
of or relating to a cancroid
carcinomatous
being or relating to carcinoma; "a carcinomatous lesion"
cataplastic
of or relating to cataplasia
catarrhal
of or relating to catarrh; "catarrhal fever is any of several respiratory or oral diseases of livestock such as bluetongue in horses and sheep
chancroidal
of or relating to or having chancroids
chancrous
of or having chancres
choleraic
relating to or resulting from or resembling cholera
croupy
resembling or arising from or indicating croup
dysplastic
relating to or evidencing dysplasia
febrile, feverish
of or relating to or characterized by fever; "a febrile reaction caused by an allergen"
filarial
related to or infested with of transmitting parasitic worms especially filaria
hydrocephalic
relating to or characterized by or evidencing hydrocephalus
myalgic
of or relating to myalgia
narcoleptic
of or relating to narcolepsy
paroxysmal
accompanied by or of the nature of paroxysms
sclerotic, sclerosed
relating to or having sclerosis; hardened; "a sclerotic patient"
self-limited
(medicine) relating to a disease that tends to run a definite course without treatment
squint-eyed
affected by strabismus
symptomatic
relating to or according to or affecting a symptom or symptoms; "symptomatic relief"; "symptomatic treatment"; "a symptomatic classification of diseases"
clonic
(medicine) of or relating to abnormal neuromuscular activity characterized by rapidly alternating muscle contraction and relaxation; "clonic spasm"
tuberculoid
resembling tuberculosis; "tuberculoid lesions"; "tuberculoid leprosy"
tubercular
relating to tuberculosis or those suffering from it; "a tubercular hospital"
tubercular
characterized by the presence of tuberculosis lesions or tubercles; "tubercular leprosy"
leprous
relating to or resembling or having leprosy
sciatic
relating to or caused by or afflicted with sciatica
gyral
relating to or associated with or comprising a convolution of the brain; "the gyral sulcus"
haemophilic, hemophilic
relating to or having hemophilia
nephritic
affected by nephritis
subclinical
relating to the stage in the development of a disease before the symptoms are observed
achondroplastic
of or relating to achondroplasia
ateleiotic
of or relating to ateleiosis
macrocephalic, macrocephalous
having an exceptionally large head and brain
macerative
accompanied by or characterized by maceration; "macerative degeneration of the liver"
macrencephalic, macrencephalous
having a large brain case
microcephalic, microcephalous, nanocephalic
having an abnormally small head and underdeveloped brain; "a nanocephalic dwarf"
arteriosclerotic
affected by arteriosclerosis
epileptic
of or relating to or characteristic of epilepsy; "epileptic seizure"
thyroid
suggestive of a thyroid disorder; "thyroid personality"
thyrotoxic
of or relating to or affected by hyperthyroidism
cancerous
of or relating to or affected with cancer; "cancerous growth"
necrotic
relating to or affected by necrosis; "necrotic tissue"
hypothalamic
of or relating to the hypothalamus
hypothermic
of or relating to or affected by hypothermia
hyperthermal
of or relating to or affected by hyperthermia
embolic
of or relating to an embolism or embolus
zymotic
relating to or caused by infection
aneurysmal, aneurismal, aneurysmatic, aneurismatic
relating to or affected by an aneurysm
pleochroic
of or relating to or having pleochroism
congestive
relating to or affected by an abnormal collection of blood or other fluid; "congestive heart desease"
atheromatous, atheromatic
of or relating to or resembling atheroma; "atheromatous degeneration of the arteries"
hemolytic, haemolytic
relating to or involving or causing hemolysis; "hemolytic anemia"
celiac
belonging to or prescribed for celiac disease; "a celiac diet"
atrophic
relating to or characterized by atrophy; "atrophic arthritis"
emphysematous
relating to or resembling or being emphysema
pyknotic, pycnotic
of or relating to or exhibiting pyknosis
hyperemic
relating to or caused by hyperemia
anemic, anaemic
relating to anemia or suffering from anemia
asphyxiated
in a state of asphyxia
blastomycotic
of or relating to or characteristic of blastomycosis
bubonic
of or evidencing buboes; "bubonc plague"
catatonic
(medical) characterized by catatonia especially either rigidity or extreme laxness of limbs
cataleptic
of or having characteristics of or affected with catalepsy; "cataleptic persons"; "cataleptic state"
cretinous
affected with or resembling cretinism; "cretinous development"
cyclothymic
of or relating to or exhibiting cyclothymia
diabetic
of or relating to or causing diabetes
malarial
of or infected by or resembling malaria; "malarial fever"
mongoloid
of or relating to or suffering from Down Syndrome; "a mongoloid child"
neuralgic
of or relating to or suffering from neuralgia; "neuralgic pains"
neurasthenic
of or relating to or suffering from neurasthenia; "neurasthenic tendencies"
paralytic, paralytical
relating to or of the nature of paralysis; "paralytic symptoms"
scorbutic
of or relating to or having or resembling scurvy; "scorbutic symptoms"
spastic
relating to or characterized by spasm; "a spastic colon"; "spastic paralysis is a spastic form of cerebral palsy"
stigmatic
pertaining to or resembling of having stigmata
syphilitic
of or relating to or infected with syphilis; "syphilitic symptoms"
tertian
relating to symptoms (especially malarial fever) that appear every other day; "tertian fever"
anaphylactic
related to the hypersensitivity known as anaphylaxis; "anaphylatic shock"
undescended
(of the testis) remaining in the abdomen instead of descending into the scrotum
vitiliginous
of or relating to or having vitiligo
mounded over
having a wound formed over it
terminally
at the end; "terminally ill"
chronically
in a slowly developing and long lasting manner; "chronically ill persons"
acutely
having a rapid onset; "an acutely debilitating virus"
symptomatically
by symptoms
convulsively, with convulsions
in a convulsive way; "her leg twitched convulsively"
malignantly
in a malignant manner, as of a tumor that spreads
mangily
in a mangy manner
spasmodically, jerkily
with spasms; "the mouth was slightly open, and jerked violently and spasmodically at one corner"
stammeringly, stutteringly
with a stammer; "`Will you marry me?' he asked stammeringly"
healthy (opposite)
having or indicating good health in body or mind; free from infirmity or disease; "a rosy healthy baby"; "staying fit and healthy"
bouncing (opposite)
vigorously healthy; "a bouncing baby"
flourishing, growing, thriving (opposite)
having or showing vigorous vegetal or animal life; "flourishing crops"; "flourishing chicks"; "a growing boy"; "fast-growing weeds"; "a thriving deer population"
good, sound (opposite)
in excellent physical condition; "good teeth"; "I still have one good leg"; "a sound mind in a sound body"
hale, whole (opposite)
exhibiting or restored to vigorous good health; "hale and hearty"; "whole in mind and body"; "a whole person again"
hearty, full-blooded, lusty, red-blooded (opposite)
endowed with or exhibiting great bodily or mental health; "a hearty glow of health"
well-preserved (opposite)
used of older persons who are healthy
wholesome (opposite)
sound or exhibiting soundness in body or mind; "exercise develops wholesome appetites"; "a grin on his ugly wholesome face"
well (opposite)
in good health especially after having suffered illness or injury; "appears to be entirely well"; "the wound is nearly well"; "a well man"; "I think I'm well; at least I feel well"
asymptomatic, symptomless (opposite)
having no symptoms of illness or disease
all right, fine (opposite)
being in good health; "he's feeling all right again"; "I'm fine; how are you?"
good(p) (opposite)
feeling healthy and free of aches and pains; "I feel good"
anicteric (opposite)
without jaundice; "anicteric hepatitis"
afebrile (opposite)
having no fever

Instance WordNet synsets

kleptomaniac
someone with an irrational urge to steal in the absence of an economic motive